Many stripped off as the day went on and some of the students were left struggling to stand. Extra police were drafted in to control the event, which took place just yards away from where families were enjoying the afternoon sunshine.
They watched as students wrestled on the grass and climbed onto each other's shoulders to play games. One father could be overheard talking to his two primary school aged boys about how to drink sensibly. Many students were left struggling to stand as the day wore on, many exhausted from an afternoon spent celebrating the beginning of summer. Several students, many of whom were in fancy dress, could be seen downing alcohol as they partied in the sunshine in the city centre park.
The undergraduates sat around playing drinking games and larking about in the park as families and dog walkers just yards away looked on. Students piled on top of each other as they enjoyed the afternoon festivities on Jesus Green - the meeting place for the annual drinking party.
A group of girls lark around, with drinks in hand, on the grass as more than 2, undergraduates take part in the 'Caesarian Sunday' antics. The event attracted more than 2, students from the prestigious Cambridge University, and is an annual drinking party among societies. Many students took the party to the River Cam, where they hired punts and could be seen drinking as they made their way down the river.
More than 2, students from Cambridge spent the afternoon playing drinking games in fancy dress on Jesus Green and the River Cam. Some students even went for a swim in Cambridge's River Cam, while others paddled the boats along the river in the sunny conditions. The annual drinking party, which takes place on the first May Bank Holiday of the summer term, is believed to have taken place for 80 years.
The party usually begins with a wrestling match between the Caesarians and their drinking rivals, but this was banned by the colleges last year. One students sips his drink as he rows down the River Cam during the day's celebrations which mark the beginning of the summer term.
Caesarian Sunday is seen as the birth of drinking parties for the summer term, which ends with the after-exams party, Suicide Sunday, in June. A dog walker said: Cambridge City Council workers arrived shortly after 3pm to start clearing up litter left strewn across the grass. The event, which has taken place for the last 80 years, is historically held on the first May bank holiday of the summer term.
It usually begins with a wrestling match between the Caesarians and their Girton College drinking rivals, but this was banned by the colleges last year. Caesarian Sunday is seen as the birth of the drinking parties for the summer term, which ends with the notorious after-exams party, Suicide Sunday, in June. Six years ago the Suicide Sunday garden party, organised by the Wyverns, an all-male Magdalene College drinking society, had to be held in a new location for the first time in 80 years after officials banned students from holding the event on university land.
The controversial decision was made after a year-old student was arrested the previous year during the infamous jelly wrestling contest for punching a spectator. Most of the students opted for fancy dress in one form or another, with this group of girls appearing to wear petals around their heads.
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Any complaints or claims in relation to those events should be made directly to the Society. It does both of these by causing notices to be published by authority in the Cambridge University Reporter , the official journal of the university. Since January , the membership of the Council has included two external members,  and the Regent House voted for an increase from two to four in the number of external members in March ,   and this was approved by Her Majesty the Queen in July The General Board of the Faculties is responsible for the academic and educational policy of the university,  and is accountable to the Council for its management of these affairs.
Faculty Boards are responsible to the General Board; other Boards and Syndicates are responsible either to the General Board if primarily for academic purposes or to the Council. In this way, the various arms of the university are kept under the supervision of the central administration, and thus the Regent House. In —7, it was reported that approximately one third of Cambridge's income comes from UK government funding for teaching and research, with another third coming from other research grants.
The university also receives a significant income in annual transfers from the Cambridge University Press. The University of Cambridge borrowed million pounds by issuing a year security bond in October Vice chancellor Leszek Borysiewicz hailed the success of the issue. Cambridge is a member of the Russell Group of research-led British universities , the G5 , the League of European Research Universities , and the International Alliance of Research Universities , and forms part of the " golden triangle " of highly research intensive and elite southern English universities.
Undergraduate applications to Cambridge must be made through UCAS in time for the early deadline, currently mid-October in the year before starting. Until the s candidates for all subjects were required to sit special entrance examinations,  since replaced by additional tests for some subjects, such as the Thinking Skills Assessment and the Cambridge Law Test. Most applicants who are called for interview will have been predicted at least three A-grade A-level qualifications relevant to their chosen undergraduate course, or the equivalent in other qualifications, such as getting at least 7,7,6 for higher-level subjects at IB.
Due to a very high proportion of applicants receiving the highest school grades, the interview process is crucial for distinguishing between the most able candidates.
The interview is performed by College Fellows, who evaluate candidates on unexamined factors such as potential for original thinking and creativity. Strong applicants who are not successful at their chosen college may be placed in the Winter Pool , where they can be offered places by other colleges. This is in order to maintain consistency throughout the colleges, some of which receive more applicants than others. Graduate admission is first decided by the faculty or department relating to the applicant's subject.
This effectively guarantees admission to a college—though not necessarily the applicant's preferred choice. Public debate in the United Kingdom continues over whether admissions processes at Oxford and Cambridge are entirely merit based and fair; whether enough students from state schools are encouraged to apply to Cambridge; and whether these students succeed in gaining entry.
Critics have argued that the lack of state school applicants with the required grades applying to Cambridge and Oxford has had a negative impact on Oxbridge 's reputation for many years, and the university has encouraged pupils from state schools to apply for Cambridge to help redress the imbalance.
With the release of admissions figures, a article in The Guardian reported that ethnic minority candidates had lower success rates in individual subjects even when they had the same grades as white applicants. The university was hence criticised for what was seen as institutional discrimination against ethnic minority applicants in favour of white applicants.
The university denied the claims of institutional discrimination by stating the figures did not take into account "other variables". The University refused to provide figures for a wider range of subjects claiming it would be too costly. There are a number of educational consultancies that offer support with the applications process. Some make claims of improved chances of admission but these claims are not independently verified. None of these companies are affiliated to or endorsed by the University of Cambridge.
The university informs applicants that all important information regarding the application process is public knowledge and none of these services is providing any inside information.
Cambridge University has been criticised because many colleges admit a low proportion of black students though many apply. Of the 31 colleges at Cambridge 6 admitted fewer than 10 black or mixed race students from to The academic year is divided into three academic terms, determined by the Statutes of the University.
Within these terms undergraduate teaching takes place within eight-week periods called Full Terms. According to the university statutes, it is a requirement that during this period all students should live within 3 miles of the Church of St Mary the Great ; this is defined as Keeping term. Students can graduate only if they fulfill this condition for nine terms three years when obtaining a Bachelor of Arts or twelve terms four years when studying for a Master of Science, Engineering or Mathematics.
These terms are shorter than those of many other British universities. Triposes involve a mixture of lectures organised by the university departments , and supervisions organised by the colleges. Science subjects also involve laboratory sessions, organised by the departments. The relative importance of these methods of teaching varies according to the needs of the subject. Supervisions are typically weekly hour-long sessions in which small groups of students usually between one and three meet with a member of the teaching staff or with a doctoral student.
Students are normally required to complete an assignment in advance of the supervision, which they will discuss with the supervisor during the session, along with any concerns or difficulties they have had with the material presented in that week's lectures.
The assignment is often an essay on a subject set by the supervisor, or a problem sheet set by the lecturer. Depending on the subject and college, students might receive between one and four supervisions per week. A tutor named William Farish developed the concept of grading students' work quantitatively at the University of Cambridge in The University of Cambridge has research departments and teaching faculties in most academic disciplines.
All research and lectures are conducted by university departments. The colleges are in charge of giving or arranging most supervisions, student accommodation, and funding most extracurricular activities. During the s Cambridge added a substantial number of new specialist research laboratories on several sites around the city, and major expansion continues on a number of sites. Unlike in most universities, the Cambridge Master of Arts is not awarded by merit of study, but by right, four years after being awarded the BA.
At the University of Cambridge, each graduation is a separate act of the university's governing body, the Regent House , and must be voted on as with any other act. A formal meeting of the Regent House, known as a Congregation , is held for this purpose. After degrees are approved, to have them conferred candidates must ask to their Colleges to be presented during a Congregation.
This happened until the , when, for the first time, a Graduate Student Dr Luca Epis refused the degree approved by the Board of Graduate Studies, creating a "leading case" on the matter. Graduates receiving an undergraduate degree wear the academic dress that they were entitled to before graduating: Graduates receiving a postgraduate degree e. PhD or Master's wear the academic dress that they were entitled to before graduating, only if their first degree was also from the University of Cambridge; if their first degree is from another university, they wear the academic dress of the degree that they are about to receive, the BA gown without the strings if they are under 24 years of age, or the MA gown without strings if they are 24 and over.
During the congregation, graduands are brought forth by the Praelector of their college, who takes them by the right hand, and presents them to the vice-chancellor for the degree they are about to take. After presentation, the graduand is called by name and kneels before the vice-chancellor and proffers their hands to the vice-chancellor, who clasps them and then confers the degree through the following Latin statement—the Trinitarian formula in nomine Patris The now-graduate then rises, bows and leaves the Senate House through the Doctor's door, where he or she receives his or her certificate, into Senate House Passage.
The university has libraries. It is a legal deposit library, therefore it is entitled to request a free copy of every book published in the UK and Ireland. Furthermore, every college has a library as well, partially for the purposes of undergraduate teaching, and the older colleges often possess many early books and manuscripts in a separate library.
For example, Trinity College's Wren Library has more than , books printed before , while Corpus Christi College's Parker Library possesses one of the greatest collections of medieval manuscripts in the world, with over manuscripts. Cambridge University operates eight arts, cultural, and scientific museums, and a botanic garden. This Museum also has specimens collected by Charles Darwin. The Cambridge University Botanic Garden is the botanic garden of the university, created in The university's publishing arm, the Cambridge University Press , is the oldest printer and publisher in the world, and it is the second largest university press in the world.
The university set up its Local Examination Syndicate in Today, the syndicate, which is known as Cambridge Assessment , is Europe's largest assessment agency and it plays a leading role in researching, developing and delivering assessments across the globe.
In the and Government Research Assessment Exercises , Cambridge was ranked first in the country. In , it was reported that Silicon Fen was the second largest venture capital market in the world, after Silicon Valley. Cambridge has been highly ranked by most international and UK league tables. There are two Student Unions in Cambridge: Rowing is a particularly popular sport at Cambridge, and there are competitions between colleges, notably the bumps races , and against Oxford, the Boat Race.
There are also Varsity matches against Oxford in many other sports, ranging from cricket and rugby , to chess and tiddlywinks. Athletes representing the university in certain sports are entitled to apply for a Cambridge Blue at the discretion of the Blues Committee , consisting of the captains of the thirteen most prestigious sports.
There is also the self-described "unashamedly elite" Hawks' Club , which is for men only, whose membership is usually restricted to Cambridge Full Blues and Half Blues. Phase 1b included 5 glass backed squash courts and a Team Training Room.
Future phases include indoor and outdoor tennis courts and a swimming pool. Numerous student-run societies exist in order to encourage people who share a common passion or interest to periodically meet or discuss. As of , there were registered societies. Although technically independent from the university, The Cambridge Union serves as a focus for debating and public speaking, as the oldest free speech society in the world, and the largest in Cambridge.
Drama societies notably include the Amateur Dramatic Club ADC and the comedy club Footlights , which are known for producing well-known show-business personalities.
The Cambridge University Chamber Orchestra explores a range of programmes, from popular symphonies to lesser known works; membership of the orchestra is composed of students of the university.
The largest, and only independent, student newspaper is Varsity Cambridge. With a print run of 9,, Varsity is the only student paper to go to print on a weekly basis. The Mays is a literary anthology made up of student prose, poetry, and visual art from both Cambridge and Oxford. Founded in by three Cambridge students, the anthology goes to print on an annual basis. It is overseen by Varsity Publications Ltd, the same body that is responsible for Varsity , the newspaper.
There are many other journals, magazines, and zines. Another literary journal, Notes , is published roughly two times per term.
Many colleges also have their own publications run by students. One of few student radio stations to have an FM licence frequency In addition to university-wide representation, students can benefit from their own college student unions, which are known as JCR Junior Combination Room for undergraduates and MCR Middle Combination Room for postgraduates. These serve as a link between college staff and members and consists of officers elected annually between the fellow students; individual JCR and MCRs also report to CUSU, which offers training courses for some of the most delicate positions within the body.
One privilege of student life at Cambridge is the opportunity to attend formal dinners at college. These are called Formal Hall and occur regularly during term time. Students sit down for a meal in their gowns , while Fellows eat separately at High Table: Special formal halls are organised for events such as Christmas and the Commemoration of Benefactors.
After the exam period, May Week is held and it is customary to celebrate by attending May Balls. These are all-night long lavish parties held in the colleges where food and drinks are served and entertainment is provided. Time magazine argues that some of the larger May Balls are among the best private parties in the world.
Suicide Sunday , the first day of May Week, is a popular date for organising garden parties. Over the course of its history, a sizeable number of Cambridge University academics and alumni have become notable in their fields, both academic and in the wider world.
Depending on criteria, affiliates of the University of Cambridge have won Nobel prizes. Former undergraduates of the university have won a grand total of 61 Nobel prizes, 13 more than the undergraduates of any other university.
Cambridge academics have also won 8 Fields Medals and 2 Abel Prizes , since the Abel award was first distributed in Perhaps most of all, the university is renowned for a long and distinguished tradition in mathematics and the sciences. Among the most famous of Cambridge natural philosophers is Sir Isaac Newton , who spent the majority of his life at the university and conducted many of his now famous experiments within the grounds of Trinity College.
Sir Francis Bacon , responsible for the development of the scientific method , entered the university when he was just twelve, and pioneering mathematicians John Dee and Brook Taylor soon followed. Other ground-breaking mathematicians to have studied at the university include Srinivasa Ramanujan , G. Hardy , John Edensor Littlewood and Augustus De Morgan , four of the most renowned pure mathematicians in modern history; Sir Michael Atiyah , one of the most important mathematicians of the last half-century; Anil Kumar Gain , founder of Vidyasagar University and a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society ; William Oughtred , the inventor of the logarithmic scale ; John Wallis , first to state the law of acceleration; Srinivasa Ramanujan , the self-taught genius who made incomparable contributions to mathematical analysis , number theory , infinite series and continued fractions ; and, perhaps most importantly of all, James Clerk Maxwell , who is considered to have brought about the second great unification of physics the first being accredited to Newton with his classical electromagnetic theory.
Mathematician Philippa Fawcett gained worldwide media coverage in as the person with the highest score in the Cambridge Mathematical Tripos exams, but as a woman, was unable to take the title of 'Senior Wrangler'. In biology, Charles Darwin , famous for developing the theory of natural selection , was an alumnus of Christ's College , though his education at the university was intended to allow him to become a clergyman. Subsequent Cambridge biologists include Francis Crick and James Watson , who worked out a model for the three-dimensional structure of DNA whilst working at the university's Cavendish Laboratory ; fellow Cambridge graduates Maurice Wilkins and especially Rosalind Franklin produced key X-ray crystallography data, which was shared with Watson by Wilkins.
Wilkins went on to help verify the proposed structure and win the Nobel Prize with Watson and Crick. Despite Cambridge's delay in admitting women to full degrees, Cambridge women were at the heart of scientific research throughout the 20th century.
Pioneering biochemist Marjory Stephenson studied at Cambridge, as did plant physiologist Gabrielle Howard , social anthropologist Audrey Richards. Psycho-analyst Alix Strachey , who with her husband translated the works of Sigmund Freud , studied at Newnham College.
Kavli Prize-winner Brenda Milner , co-discovery of specialized brain networks for memory and cognition, was also a graduate of Newnham College.
Veterinary epidemiologist Sarah Cleaveland has worked to eliminate rabies in the Serengeti. More recently, Sir Ian Wilmut , the man who was responsible for the first cloning of a mammal with Dolly the Sheep in , was a graduate student at Darwin College.
Famous naturalist and broadcaster David Attenborough graduated from the university, while the ethologist Jane Goodall , the world's foremost expert on chimpanzees did a PhD in Ethology at Darwin College. Anthropologist Dame Alison Richard , former vice-chancellor of the university, is also a Newnham College graduate. The university can be considered the birthplace of the computer, with mathematician Charles Babbage having designed the world's first computing system as early as the mids.
Alan Turing went on to devise what is essentially the basis for modern computing and Maurice Wilkes later created the first programmable computer. The webcam was also invented at Cambridge University, as a means for scientists to avoid interrupting their research and going all the way down to the laboratory dining room only to be disappointed by an empty coffee pot.
Ernest Rutherford , generally regarded as the father of nuclear physics , spent much of his life at the university, where he worked closely with the likes of E.
Williams and Niels Bohr , a major contributor to the understanding of the structure and function of the atom , J. Thomson , discoverer of the electron , Sir James Chadwick , discoverer of the neutron , and Sir John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton , the partnership responsible for first splitting the atom.
Robert Oppenheimer , leader of the Manhattan Project that developed the atomic bomb , also studied at Cambridge under Rutherford and Thomson. Joan Curran devised the 'chaff' technique during the Second World War to disrupt radar on enemy planes. Astronomers Sir John Herschel and Sir Arthur Eddington both spent much of their careers at Cambridge, as did Paul Dirac , the discoverer of antimatter and one of the pioneers of Quantum Mechanics ; Stephen Hawking , the founding father of the study of singularities and the university's long-serving Lucasian Professor of Mathematics until ; and Lord Martin Rees , the current Astronomer Royal and former Master of Trinity College.
John Polkinghorne , also a Cambridge mathematician prior to his entrance into the Anglican ministry , was knighted and received the Templeton Prize for his work reconciling science and religion. In the humanities, Greek studies were inaugurated at Cambridge in the early sixteenth century by Desiderius Erasmus during the few years he held a professorship there; seminal contributions to the field were made by Richard Bentley and Richard Porson.
The eminent Latinist A. Housman taught at Cambridge but is more widely known as a poet. Simon Ockley made a significant contribution to Arabic Studies. Religious figures at the university have included Rowan Williams , former Archbishop of Canterbury and many of his predecessors; William Tyndale , the pioneer biblical translator; Thomas Cranmer , Hugh Latimer , and Nicholas Ridley , all Cambridge men, known as the "Oxford martyrs" from the place of their execution; Benjamin Whichcote and the Cambridge Platonists ; William Paley , the Christian philosopher known primarily for formulating the teleological argument for the existence of God; William Wilberforce and Thomas Clarkson , largely responsible for the abolition of the slave trade ; leading Evangelical churchman Charles Simeon ; John William Colenso , the bishop of Natal who developed views on the interpretation of Scripture and relations with native peoples that seemed dangerously radical at the time; John Bainbridge Webster and David F.
Ford , theologians of significant repute; and six winners of the Templeton Prize , the highest accolade for the study of religion since its foundation in Although known primarily for its choral music , the university has also produced members of contemporary bands such as Radiohead , Hot Chip , Procol Harum , Clean Bandit , songwriter and entertainer Jonathan King , Henry Cow , and the singer-songwriter Nick Drake.
Samuel Pepys matriculated in , ten years before he began his diary , the original manuscripts of which are now housed in the Pepys Library at Magdalene College. Lawrence Sterne , whose novel Tristram Shandy is judged to have inspired many modern narrative devices and styles, was admitted in In the following century, the novelists W. Ghost story writer M. James served as provost of King's College from to Novelist Amy Levy was the first Jewish woman to attend the university.
Modernist writers to have attended the university include E. Priestley , physicist and novelist C. Snow and children's writer A.
From the Statutes and Ordinances of the University of Cambridge. The Michaelmas Term shall begin on 1 October and shall consist of eighty days, ending on 19 December. The Lent Term shall begin on 5 January and shall consist of eighty days, ending on 25 March or in any leap year on 24 March.
The University's academical year extends from 1 October to 30 September, and is divided into three terms and three vacations. The term dates for this year, and the next few years are published on the University's website.
As a global university, Cambridge disseminates the results of its teaching and research to a worldwide audience, and through its scholars and alumni, makes a distinctive contribution to global society. Through its education, learning and research, the University of Cambridge is active in every part of the world. University Full Term Each teaching term (also known as Full Term) is eight weeks long (with periods of time either side for private study in Cambridge, if a student so wishes). There are three terms per year: Michaelmas (running from October to December), Lent (January to March) and Easter (April to June).
The Easter Term shall begin on 10 April and shall consist of seventy days ending on 18 June, provided that in any year in which Full Easter Term begins on or after 22 April the Easter Term shall begin on 17 April and end on 25 June. "Our goal is to make applying to Cambridge College as simple and efficient as possible. If you have questions regarding our programs, the application process, or the status of your application, please don't hesitate to contact us at