Every form of pollution has two sources of occurrence; the point and the non-point sources. The point sources are easy to identify, monitor and control, whereas the non-point sources are hard to control. Let us discuss the different types of pollutions, their causes and effects on mankind and the environment as a whole. Air Pollution is the most prominent and dangerous form of pollution. It occurs due to many reasons.
Excessive burning of fuel which is a necessity of our daily lives for cooking, driving and other industrial activities; releases a huge amount of chemical substances in the air everyday; these pollute the air.
Smoke from chimneys, factories, vehicles or burning of wood basically occurs due to coal burning; this releases sulphur dioxide into the air making it toxic. The effects of air pollution are evident too. Release of sulphur dioxide and hazardous gases into the air causes global warming and acid rain; which in turn have increased temperatures, erratic rains and droughts worldwide; making it tough for the animals to survive. We breathe in every polluted particle from the air; result is increase in asthma and cancer in the lungs.
Water Pollution has taken toll of all the surviving species of the earth. It occurs due to several factors; the industrial wastes dumped into the rivers and other water bodies cause an imbalance in the water leading to its severe contamination and death of aquatic species. If you suspect that nearby water sources have been contaminated by a corporation then it might be a good idea to hire an expert to see your options. Also spraying insecticides, pesticides like DDT on plants pollutes the ground water system and oil spills in the oceans have caused irreparable damage to the water bodies.
Eutrophication is another big source; it occurs due to daily activities like washing clothes, utensils near lakes, ponds or rivers; this forces detergents to go into water which blocks sunlight from penetrating, thus reducing oxygen and making it inhabitable. Water pollution not only harms the aquatic beings but it also contaminates the entire food chain by severely affecting humans dependent on these.
Water-borne diseases like cholera, diarrhoea have also increased in all places. Soil pollution occurs due to incorporation of unwanted chemicals in the soil due to human activities. Use of insecticides and pesticides absorbs the nitrogen compounds from the soil making it unfit for plants to derive nutrition from.
Release of industrial waste, mining and deforestation also exploits the soil. Noise pollution is caused when noise which is an unpleasant sound affects our ears and leads to psychological problems like stress, hypertension, hearing impairment, etc.
It is caused by machines in industries, loud music, etc. Radioactive pollution is highly dangerous when it occurs. It can occur due to nuclear plant malfunctions, improper nuclear waste disposal, accidents, etc. It causes cancer, infertility, blindness, defects at the time of birth; can sterilise soil and affect air and water. Light pollution occurs due to prominent excess illumination of an area.
It is largely visible in big cities, on advertising boards and billboards, in sports or entertainment events at the night. In big cities we witness hazy skies creating problems for the inhabitants and causing numerous diseases. More often than not, internet and newspapers are filled with information about the increase in the levels of the carbon monoxide and Sulfur Dioxide in the atmosphere.
In fact, now it is well known that pollution is caused due to various reasons. Therefore, in the below-mentioned paragraph, we enumerate the causes as well as the effects. Industrial mining of the minerals is considered as one of the primary causes of pollution. For instance, Coal is required to produce electricity; therefore toxic thermal fumes are emitted into the atmosphere from the mines.
It increases the percentage of the carbon-dioxide and makes breathing difficult. Agriculture has been one of the primary sources of occupation since time immemorial but due to growing population, the farmers are hard pressed to increase crop production.
It is only possible with the help of chemical fertilizers and they in turn cause soil pollution. Modern vehicles tend to emit a lot of pollution in the air due to the burning of the combustion engine.
Due to the implementation of the stricter norms, the level of the soot and carbon has decreased the nevertheless number of people buying a car has increased and it has enhanced the cumulative quantity of the pollutants in the atmosphere. Growing population and developing economy has resulted in massive industrialization. Big and small companies are opening manufacturing plants to produce goods and accessories. Some of the units release pollutants as the bye product.
For instance, dye making factories are known to cause pollution no matter how they follow the norms of the government. Rise of carbon mono oxide: The rise of the carbon content in the atmosphere is accompanied by the global warning.
Essay on Environmental Pollution: Causes, Effects and Solution Category: Blog, Environment On February 5, By Ankita Mitra Environmental pollution refers to the introduction of harmful pollutants into the environment.
Therefore, in the below-mentioned paragraph, we enumerate the causes as well as the effects. Causes of pollution: Mining: Industrial mining of the minerals is considered as one of the primary causes of pollution.
Pollution is dangerous and it has many effects on the life of organisms and environment. One effect of pollution is that it affects the human respiratory system and causes heart problems. It is also well known to cause some cancer and other body problems. The effects of air pollution are evident too. Release of sulphur dioxide and hazardous gases into the air causes global warming and acid rain; which in turn have increased temperatures, erratic rains and droughts worldwide; .
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