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Department of Chemistry

Molecular biology & Genetics Topics

❶How do young women view feminism? Project Report Constituents of Alloys, Chemistry Experiment on Constituents of an alloy, Preparation of Alloys, Analysis of an alloy, To analyze a sample of brass qualitatively, bronze qualitatively, duralumin qualitatively, Uses of alloys, uses with modify chemical reactivity, To increase hardness, To increase tensile strength, To lower the melting point, To modify the colour, To resist corrosion Project report Digestion of Starch by Salivary Amylase and Effect of pH and Temperature on it Project Description:

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Download Article 31 downloads. Modulation of rat plasma kynurenine level by platinum nanoparticles and likely association with oxidative stress. Download Article 24 downloads. Emerging applications of chitosan: Download Article downloads. Noninvasive electrochemical antioxidant activity estimation: Download Article 21 downloads.

Production and stability studies of the biosurfactant isolated from Achromobacter xylos GSR Download Article 44 downloads. Effect of gamma radiations 60 Co on seed germination and growth of turnip plant Brassica rapa L.

Zinc aluminate nano-powders efficient promoter for the removal of indigo carmine from synthetic wastewaters. Download Article 26 downloads. Nature is an authoritative source for current information.

If articles are difficult to read, you can search for the same information in one of the more popular journals online. Los Angeles Times Science and Health: This online science news source offers readable articles on many of the most current science topics. You can find good ideas for topics here as well as research for your own paper.

If you are required to get peer-reviewed articles, then you can search here for easy-to-read summaries and then look up the original articles online or in the library. You can search this site for articles on science topics, including health science.

This site often gives you links to original articles and government reports that can help you do your research. Contains over , articles on a variety of health topics. This site gives concise explanations of current research along with links to original papers or other information to help you further your research ideas.

You can email or print the articles on this site and find out if they are from academic publications. Current Medical Research Questions What technologies are in development to help people who are paralyzed? How does sleep deprivation affect health? Should sugar be regulated like a drug? What are the benefits and disadvantages of individual genome profiling?

What is the Human Connectome Project and how will mapping of the human brain contribute to scientific knowledge? Are some cancers caused by genes? Who are the Denisovans and how does their discovery alter our view of human evolution?

Can we develop an anti-cancer vaccine? What can we do about crops which absorb toxins, such as the recent discovery of arsenic-tainted rice? What is the ideal weight for longevity? What is the connection between diet and lifespan?

Are we really in a post-antibiotic era as the CDC recently announced? What does this mean? Should scientific publication and grant systems be changed to give private citizens and younger scientists a voice if they have good ideas? Which diet choice is better: How can polio be eradicated?

Why has the disease resurfaced? How important are the bacteria living in your bowels? How close are computers to mimicking the human brain? How can video games be used to solve scientific problems? Do cell phones or microwaves cause cancer? Psychology and Neurobiology Issues Is autism a kind of brain damage?

How can we help autistic savants become productive members of society? Why do we sleep? How much sleep do we really need? How is sleep related to memory? How did human speech develop? Are there clues we can find in researching primate social interactions?

How do we remember things? How reliable are our memories in recalling how things really happened? What is the importance of time and space in brain development and disease? Why do mothers protect their young and even risk their lives? How does our brain really work? What is mental illness? Is there something we can learn from these different sorts of mental states? How does language reveal stress responses? Your Science Interest Which of the following areas of science research do you find most interesting?

Maybe I'll write an article on your idea! Any of the topics on this Which question about cancer could I consider as possible topics for a research paper?

Here are some interesting cancer research topics: What is the best new treatment for pancreatic cancer? Is gene therapy a good choice for cancer patients?

Are there any holistic or alternative therapies that help cancer patients? What is the best diet and exercise plan to prevent cancer?

Should the cost of cancer therapy be considered by patients when choosing a therapy? Why is it so hard to find cures for cancer? When is cancer screening most useful, effective or preventative? Can I have scientific topics for grades 6 to 7?

For a couple of quick ideas, try the following: Which DNA testing service is the best? How will DNA sequencing change health care? What are some possible topics on biology for a science research paper? You can also find some easier topics in the life science in these articles: What is the easiest science topic for a research paper?

To pick the easiest topic for you, choose one that: Is interesting to you. Is a topic you already know something about. Is something you have an opinion about. Is it possible to have Do you have science research topics that involve asking the opinion of people? Science interview questions could be: What do you think about the topic of creation vs. How important do you think it is to have your DNA sequenced for science?

Would you be willing to donate your body to science after you die? How do colors affect your mood? What do you think is the most important medical discovery in your lifetime? Can you suggest some research topics in regards to civil engineering? What is the best way to do seismic auditing and retrofitting of old buildings?

Is fiber reinforced cement and composites a good choice? If so, which is the best? How do we best develop sustainable technologies for infrastructure? How will nanotechnology be helpful in civil engineering in the near future?

What is the best method of construction management? How will geoinformatics transform civil engineering? What is ecological engineering and how do we best practice it? Can you suggest an interesting topic for an editorial paper about diseases?

Here are some ideas: What will be the next pandemic we need to worry about? How will climate change increase mosquito-borne diseases worldwide? What is the most effective way to prevent common diseases like the cold and flu?

Should everyone get the flu vaccine? Can you suggest some research that also has a benefit for society? Any suggestions for a research study at grade 9 level?

Can you suggest research topics regarding energy? Can you suggest research topics in physical chemistry? What are the newest advances in battery science? What is the most promising direction for increasing battery technology? How will organic lead halide perovskites affect photovoltaics?

How is perovskite solar cell research impacting many scientific disciplines? How will physical chemistry play a role in excited-state dynamics?

How will advances in density functional theory be used? Can you suggest a scientific topic for a literature review? Where do I begin? To make your project unique, it helps to tackle a real-world problem. Here is an example: For more information about how to write a research paper, see my articles: What are some temperature related science topics that would be good to research?

How has the temperature of our planet changed during recorded history? What causes the change in the temperature at the poles? Why does the Earth have such a small temperature range compared to other planets? How do people inherit What are some of the biology topics in the Board 12 exam in India? In , some of the topics covered on the examination included topics such as: How can wastewater be best treated? What are good ways to enrich the soil for agriculture? How can crops be best improved?

Who are some of human's primate relatives? What are some drugs that are derived from plants? What is the Hardy-Weinberg equation? Explain the parts of a cell and what they do. Give examples of divergent and convergent evolution. How is Agrobacterium used in research? Why is it important?

Explain the ecosystem diversity of India. What is genetic diversity? Explain how restriction enzymes work. Can you suggest research topic paper for a statistics student? How will small area estimation be important in statistics? How will causal inference be used in statistical analysis?

How will big data influence the field of statistics? How can statistical properties of elastic waves help monitor earthquake risk? How can statistics best account for missing data? What is the cutting-edge in research on statistics about machine learning?

Can machine learning replace people doing statistical analysis? Here are some other research questions which can be used for a health condition: What is the most effective treatment for disease or condition? What genetic or environmental risks make people vulnerable to disease or condition?

Using those thesis answers, you can begin to put your outline together. Can you suggest some research paper topics about molecular biology? How can plants be used to produce pharmaceuticals?

What is the use of the plant virus model system? How can natural products be used in the treatment of diabetes? Are algae systems the best way to produce synthetic fuels? Here are some topics related to that: What is the process of taking a science idea and turning it into a product? How does a biotech company effectively finance and market a product? How can business people best market new technologies? How can people in finance help new technologies be used in poorer countries? How can modification of poultry, or eggs enhance human health?

What are the best practices for keeping goats healthy? Should antibiotics be used? What is the evidence for or against free-range chickens being better and healthier? Which vaccines are most valuable for the health of chicken, goats or poultry? Which health topic would be great for a presentation? Lots of health topics would be great for a presentation.

Here are a few easy ones: What is the healthiest diet? How do opioids hurt people when they overuse them? Is there a cure for our current epidemic? Five important signs of mental illness to be aware of. What do you do when someone is suicidal? Can you suggest some research topics about electricity? How will smart grids help make energy use more efficient? How has LED lighting changed electricity use? How do micro grids work? What research is being done to increase the efficiency of solar cells?

Do you have a specific topic for environmental science for grade 7? For grade 7 you might want to talk about: Does recycling really help? What are 5 ways an ordinary person can help the environment? How can we help provide clean water to people who don't have it? At the bottom of the following article are many other suggestions along with research article links to help you write your paper: Can you suggest some research paper topics about science?

Here are some other articles with science topic ideas: See the "Healthy Living" and "Environmental Science" sections of the following: Here are some research paper ideas for you: Can people improve their IQ? Can brain stimulation cure mental illness?

How does the brain give rise to emotion? How do neurons work? What are the relationship between our environment, our brain, and our microbiome? Can you suggest some business related topics about science? How important is biotech? How will the lower cost of gene sequencing change the business of healthcare? Can you suggest some research paper topics about chemicals for high school students?

What new chemicals are biological chemists using new drugs to fight cancer? What are the most interesting technological advances in medicinal chemistry? What are semiochemicals and how do they influence agriculture ecology? How are chemists helping devise new energy storage devices?

I'm studying animal production and technology. What is the best topic to research on poultry? Here are some of the current topics in poultry research: How can you prevent feather pecking in chickens? What is the best diet for meat chickens?

How can salmonella be prevented in eggs? What is the effect of incubation temperatures on poultry? What is the best combination of calcium and other macronutrients on poultry? Can you give me a few topics to present in a power point on science day? Here are some good current science topics that would make an interesting powerpoint: What we know and what we don't know about Black Holes. How obesity hurts us. Are self-driving cars going to be safer? What humans can do that Artificial Intelligence can't.

How did the opioid crisis get started? How will 3-D printing change medicine? Is ADHD medicine dangerous? Here are some research questions to get you started: How many different kinds of beetles are there in state name of a place? How many different species of butterflies can be found in place?

How many different kinds of insects are found in place? Would "Is awareness of taking medicines important? Here are some other ways to word this: How important is it for doctor's to give careful instructions for taking medicine?

Should doctors do more to make sure patients correctly take medicine? Why should we follow the doctor's orders when taking prescription medicine? When do you need to be sure to finish all of the medicine a doctor gives you? What are some interesting topic ideas about astronomy and physics? What is the evidence of a multiverse? Does "How does bacteria on fresh meat cause problems?

That is an interesting question. You can also consider these ideas: Is it true that sperm cells can help to remove pimples and keep the skin smooth and healthy? Here are some topic examples: Does natural remedy which is trendy really help improve skin? What products really work to help teenagers with pimples? Are there products or treatments for pimples which do more harm than good? I am a grade 5 teacher. What is the best topic for my action research? Which topic you choose depends on the subject you are teaching, but here are some good action research questions: What is the best way to keep the students' attention during lessons?

Which types of activity help students remember the information best? Does parent involvement affect the reading ability of 5th-grade children? What impact does technology have on parent and school communication?

I want to research medical biology. Can you suggest some research paper topics for me? However, I will add a few here: Is it true that "good" skin bacteria may be able to protect us against skin cancer?

Is there a "fountain of youth" enzyme that would help us live longer? What is the connection between alcohol use and dementia? Are there benefits in drinking a small amount of wine each day?

Are cleaning chemicals a danger to people who use them? Does music help people feel less pain? What are the best non-narcotic ways to reduce pain? Here are some other topic questions related to this one: What is the importance of studying math to be prepared for learning physics? How does mathematics research illuminate or drive physics research?

How can mathematicians and physics researchers work together to solve big problems? What are the most interesting mathematical problems in physics research today? How would you know which research paper topic is best for you? The easiest paper to write will be: A topic you already know a lot about. A topic you find a lot of information about when you are researching. Something that is interesting to you.

I think doing one in "health" is probably the easiest: Do you have any 5th grade research topic ideas? Can you give more research paper topics about life science?

Life science questions are biology and environmental science. Here are some more: How will changing carbon dioxide levels affect plantlife? Who will be the winner and who will be the losers if climate predictions come true? What can whale ear wax tell us about the past ocean environment? What evidence is there for life on Mars? Is pectin really a safe food additive? How will gene editing help develop new ways to treat cancer patients? Are there some "no-go" areas of life science we need to establish?

Can we win against the AIDS virus? What new pandemic is next? What does ancient mitochondrial DNA tell us about ancient humans? Which significant technological advances could I write about in my research paper? Here are a few you might want to research: Human embryo genome editing 4. Ancient mitochondrial DNA sequencing 5. Can you suggest some research paper topics about nanotechnology? Nanotechnology topics can be found in these two articles: Can you suggest research topics about life or biological science?

Here are some life sciences topics: What are the most interesting recent discoveries deep in the ocean? How can we best make food more nutritious in developing nations?

How can we prevent pandemics? How can we prepare for the eventual post-antibiotic world? Can you suggest research topics about dementia? What is the best treatment for people with dementia? Why has there been a sharp increase in people with Alzheimer's disease?

How well do drugs to slow down dementia work? How is dementia best diagnosed? If these topic do not work, here are some easier ones: If you want to do an experimental topic, you should look at: My middle school children have done several experiments that I have explained on this website: Would a question exploring the age of the universe make a good research paper topic? Here are some other topic questions that are similar: How can scientists best predict the age of the Universe?

What is the history of predicting the age of the Universe? What is the current prediction for the end of the Universe? What is in our Universe? What is "Dark Matter? What contributions has the Hubble telescope made to understanding the Universe? What do we not yet know about our universe? The identification of pure substances and the analysis of chemical mixtures enable all other chemical disciplines to flourish. The importance of analytical chemistry has never been greater than it is today.

The demand in modern societies for a variety of safe foods, affordable consumer goods, abundant energy, and labour-saving technologies places a great burden on the environment.

All chemical manufacturing produces waste products in addition to the desired substances, and waste disposal has not always been carried out carefully. Disruption of the environment has occurred since the dawn of civilization, and pollution problems have increased with the growth of global population.

The techniques of analytical chemistry are relied on heavily to maintain a benign environment. The undesirable substances in water, air, soil, and food must be identified, their point of origin fixed, and safe, economical methods for their removal or neutralization developed. Once the amount of a pollutant deemed to be hazardous has been assessed, it becomes important to detect harmful substances at concentrations well below the danger level.

Analytical chemists seek to develop increasingly accurate and sensitive techniques and instruments. Sophisticated analytic instruments, often coupled with computers, have improved the accuracy with which chemists can identify substances and have lowered detection limits. An analytic technique in general use is gas chromatography , which separates the different components of a gaseous mixture by passing the mixture through a long, narrow column of absorbent but porous material.

The different gases interact differently with this absorbent material and pass through the column at different rates. As the separate gases flow out of the column, they can be passed into another analytic instrument called a mass spectrometer , which separates substances according to the mass of their constituent ions. A combined gas chromatograph—mass spectrometer can rapidly identify the individual components of a chemical mixture whose concentrations may be no greater than a few parts per billion.

Similar or even greater sensitivities can be obtained under favourable conditions using techniques such as atomic absorption, polarography, and neutron activation. The rate of instrumental innovation is such that analytic instruments often become obsolete within 10 years of their introduction. Newer instruments are more accurate and faster and are employed widely in the areas of environmental and medicinal chemistry. Modern chemistry, which dates more or less from the acceptance of the law of conservation of mass in the late 18th century, focused initially on those substances that were not associated with living organisms.

Study of such substances, which normally have little or no carbon, constitutes the discipline of inorganic chemistry. Early work sought to identify the simple substances—namely, the elements—that are the constituents of all more complex substances.

Some elements, such as gold and carbon, have been known since antiquity, and many others were discovered and studied throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries. Today, more than are known. The study of such simple inorganic compounds as sodium chloride common salt has led to some of the fundamental concepts of modern chemistry, the law of definite proportions providing one notable example. This law states that for most pure chemical substances the constituent elements are always present in fixed proportions by mass e.

The crystalline form of salt, known as halite , consists of intermingled sodium and chlorine atoms, one sodium atom for each one of chlorine. Such a compound, formed solely by the combination of two elements, is known as a binary compound.

Binary compounds are very common in inorganic chemistry, and they exhibit little structural variety. For this reason, the number of inorganic compounds is limited in spite of the large number of elements that may react with each other. If three or more elements are combined in a substance, the structural possibilities become greater. After a period of quiescence in the early part of the 20th century, inorganic chemistry has again become an exciting area of research.

Compounds of boron and hydrogen , known as boranes , have unique structural features that forced a change in thinking about the architecture of inorganic molecules. Some inorganic substances have structural features long believed to occur only in carbon compounds, and a few inorganic polymers have even been produced.

Ceramics are materials composed of inorganic elements combined with oxygen. For centuries ceramic objects have been made by strongly heating a vessel formed from a paste of powdered minerals.

Although ceramics are quite hard and stable at very high temperatures, they are usually brittle. Currently, new ceramics strong enough to be used as turbine blades in jet engines are being manufactured.

There is hope that ceramics will one day replace steel in components of internal-combustion engines. In a ceramic containing yttrium , barium , copper , and oxygen , with the approximate formula YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7 , was found to be a superconductor at a temperature of about K.

A superconductor offers no resistance to the passage of an electrical current, and this new type of ceramic could very well find wide use in electrical and magnetic applications. A superconducting ceramic is so simple to make that it can be prepared in a high school laboratory. Its discovery illustrates the unpredictability of chemistry, for fundamental discoveries can still be made with simple equipment and inexpensive materials. Many of the most interesting developments in inorganic chemistry bridge the gap with other disciplines.

Organometallic chemistry investigates compounds that contain inorganic elements combined with carbon-rich units. Many organometallic compounds play an important role in industrial chemistry as catalysts , which are substances that are able to accelerate the rate of a reaction even when present in only very small amounts.

Some success has been achieved in the use of such catalysts for converting natural gas to related but more useful chemical substances. Chemists also have created large inorganic molecules that contain a core of metal atoms, such as platinum, surrounded by a shell of different chemical units.

Some of these compounds, referred to as metal clusters, have characteristics of metals, while others react in ways similar to biologic systems. Trace amounts of metals in biologic systems are essential for processes such as respiration, nerve function, and cell metabolism.

Processes of this kind form the object of study of bioinorganic chemistry. Although organic molecules were once thought to be the distinguishing chemical feature of living creatures, it is now known that inorganic chemistry plays a vital role as well. Organic compounds are based on the chemistry of carbon. Carbon is unique in the variety and extent of structures that can result from the three-dimensional connections of its atoms.

The process of photosynthesis converts carbon dioxide and water to oxygen and compounds known as carbohydrates. Both cellulose , the substance that gives structural rigidity to plants, and starch , the energy storage product of plants, are polymeric carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates produced by photosynthesis form the raw material for the myriad organic compounds found in the plant and animal kingdoms. When combined with variable amounts of hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen , sulfur , phosphorus, and other elements, the structural possibilities of carbon compounds become limitless, and their number far exceeds the total of all nonorganic compounds.

A major focus of organic chemistry is the isolation, purification, and structural study of these naturally occurring substances. Many natural products are simple molecules. Other natural products, such as penicillin, vitamin B 12 , proteins, and nucleic acids, are exceedingly complex. The isolation of pure natural products from their host organism is made difficult by the low concentrations in which they may be present.

Once they are isolated in pure form, however, modern instrumental techniques can reveal structural details for amounts weighing as little as one-millionth of a gram. The correlation of the physical and chemical properties of compounds with their structural features is the domain of physical organic chemistry.

Once the properties endowed upon a substance by specific structural units termed functional groups are known, it becomes possible to design novel molecules that may exhibit desired properties. The preparation, under controlled laboratory conditions, of specific compounds is known as synthetic chemistry. Some products are easier to synthesize than to collect and purify from their natural sources. Tons of vitamin C , for example, are synthesized annually.

Many synthetic substances have novel properties that make them especially useful. Plastics are a prime example, as are many drugs and agricultural chemicals. A continuing challenge for synthetic chemists is the structural complexity of most organic substances. To synthesize a desired substance, the atoms must be pieced together in the correct order and with the proper three-dimensional relationships.

Just as a given pile of lumber and bricks can be assembled in many ways to build houses of several different designs, so too can a fixed number of atoms be connected together in various ways to give different molecules. Only one structural arrangement out of the many possibilities will be identical with a naturally occurring molecule. The antibiotic erythromycin, for example, contains 37 carbon, 67 hydrogen, and 13 oxygen atoms, along with one nitrogen atom.

Even when joined together in the proper order, these atoms can give rise to , different structures, only one of which has the characteristics of natural erythromycin. The great abundance of organic compounds, their fundamental role in the chemistry of life, and their structural diversity have made their study especially challenging and exciting. Organic chemistry is the largest area of specialization among the various fields of chemistry. As understanding of inanimate chemistry grew during the 19th century, attempts to interpret the physiological processes of living organisms in terms of molecular structure and reactivity gave rise to the discipline of biochemistry.

Biochemists employ the techniques and theories of chemistry to probe the molecular basis of life. An organism is investigated on the premise that its physiological processes are the consequence of many thousands of chemical reactions occurring in a highly integrated manner. Biochemists have established, among other things, the principles that underlie energy transfer in cells, the chemical structure of cell membranes, the coding and transmission of hereditary information, muscular and nerve function, and biosynthetic pathways.

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Science topics are interesting to write and easy to research because there are so many current and reputable journals online. Start by browsing through the topic questions below, then look at some of the linked articles or continue your . newssous.tk! CHemistry activities include quizzes for matter, atoms, elements, reactions and biochemistry topics.

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Sep 11,  · Business Cheap labor U.S. companies that move factories to undeveloped nations barely pay employees enough to live on. Is it. Chemistry: Chemistry, the science of the properties of substances, the transformations they undergo, and the energy that transfers during these processes.