Unquestionably, it is possible to find the argument in favor of both views but, to fully realize the impact of child labor, it is necessary to discuss the effects of child labor not only in purely economic terms but also regarding the social development and future perspectives of British society.
In this respect, it is getting to be obvious that despite possible economic benefits of child labor its wide use affected dramatically British society and, what is more important, it affected the national health and potential of younger generations that had been forced to work on factories since the early age. In such a way, it is possible to presuppose that the long-term effects of child labor in 19th century Britain would be rather negative and the possible short-term benefits of child exploitation could hardly outweigh the costs the whole society and the future generations of British people would have paid.
The objective study of child labor is possible only from the establishment of a definite cause and effect relationship between child labor proper and its effects. In this respect, it should be pointed out that child labor in 19ht century Britain was the norm of life and different industries amply exploited children.
At the same time, it should be said that the children did not stop working at factories as they grew older. In stark contrast, the earlier children started to work at factories the higher was the probability that they will spend the rest of their professional life doing the same or similar job. Practically, this means that the effects of child labour should not be viewed only in terms of the effects of the labour on children proper but it is also necessary to take into consideration the general effect of child labour on the work, life, and health of the working class since adult workers in 19th century Britain started their work at very early age.
In such a way, it is possible to state that child labor influenced the general position of the working class since the involvement of children in 19th century Britain in industrial occupations were extremely high. At the same time, it is obvious that child labor affected the development of children dramatically since hard work since early age inevitably produces a negative impact on children health. Moreover, as their health deteriorates the effectiveness of their work steadily decreases and the older, the workers are, the worse their health became.
As a result, it would be quite logical to state that British workers undermined their health in their childhood and it was quite natural that their physical and moral state gradually deteriorated that could not fail to negatively influence the effectiveness and productivity of their work Cunningham The latter was particularly important in 19th century Britain where the role of manual labor was still quite substantial. In such a way, it is possible to estimate that in the 19th century Britain children were forced to work since the early age that affected their development both physical and intellectual dramatically.
This influence was rather negative than positive and led to the deterioration of workers health, their low professional level because of the lack of essential academic knowledge that naturally contributed to the lower effectiveness and productivity of their work at the adult age.
In fact, the use of child labor in the 19th century was motivated by possible economic profits employers can gain form the exploitation of children. At first glance, it seems as if the general economic effect of child labor could be rather a positive-negative as it provided factories with a cheap labor force and, at the same time, the number of children that could be employed was often higher than the number of adult workers.
It is not a secret that the number of children working in British factories was quite substantial and often it was even higher than the number of adult workers or very close to it. For instance, as the Table 1 Lavaletter shows, the number of children working in cotton mills in Lancashire in total approached 2, workers who had not reached the age of 17, while along with the workers under the age of 21 they constituted the majority of all workers.
In such a way, it is an undeniable fact that children played an important role in the labor market of 19th century Britain and it is obvious that employees could hardly fully substitute children if child labor was totally forbidden at once. Consequently, it is logical to presuppose that the elimination of child labor would lead to a profound crisis in the labor market and deterioration of the position of British at large.
Moreover, it seemed as if child labor was quite beneficial for employers since they could employ a large number of employees whose wages were incomparably lower than wages of adult workers. However, the seemingly beneficial employment of children, in actuality, was not so profitable. On analyzing the level of wages, it is necessary to remember that the productivity of child labor was significantly lower compared to the productivity and effectiveness of work of adult employees.
In such a situation, children could compete with adult employees only due to the larger number. It means that in order to achieve the higher level of effectiveness and productivity of child labor, employers needed to employ a larger number of children. In this respect, returning the examples given above, it is possible to estimate that the benefits from the lower wages, which were practically twice lower than that of adults, were minimized by the larger number of child workers employed.
In a combination with the lower effectiveness and productivity of child labor, it is hardly possible to estimate that the general benefits of the child labor would have overcome those of labor of adult workers.
However, in the analysis of the effects of child labor, it is also necessary to take into consideration not only current or short-term effects but long-term effects as well. In this respect, it should be said that it is an undeniable fact that in the 19th-century British industry grew more and more complicated. The implementation of new technologies led to the higher demands to the professional level of employees. In such a situation, it is obvious that by the end of the century the effectiveness of child labor decreased dramatically along with the growth of the technological progress.
The main reason was the need of professional education of workers and, at least elementary, academic knowledge. Naturally, children who were forced to work since early age could not receive even elementary education and, consequently, they became practically inefficient and even useless in industries which were considered to be highly technological at that epoch.
Also, it is necessary to point out that there was another important problem. Paradoxically, child labor provoked the problem of unemployment. It is evident that the work of children in factories could not fail to deteriorate their health. In fact, physically their organisms were not fully developed and constructed. This is why the hard work and unbearable conditions of labor prevented children from healthy and harmonious development. Read read the paintings of the stairs and the following position versus tim tangent lines slopes of the.
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Child Labor research papers cover criminal justice topics in the use of child labor throughout the world.
In the United States, child labor and sweatshops are illegal, and society frowns upon any business that exploits children in the production of goods. Research Paper On Child Labour. Some people may think that child labour only affects their country but the truth is that it affects a lot of other countries all over the world. It is an international concern and while there are a lot of groups who are protesting it, the problem is .
Free Essay: In the United States, child labor and sweatshops are illegal, and society frowns upon any business that exploits children in the production of. Thesis - Child Labor Research Paper Thesis - Child Labor and over other 29,+ free term papers, essays and research papers examples are available on the website!. Autor: Pavithra • January 4, • Research Paper • 3, Words (15 Pages) • 4, Views4/4(1).