Bear in mind that your topic should not be too broad, subjective, controversial, or familiar. Such topics lead you off track or might not hold importance for the audience that you are writing for. After setting the topic, form a hypothesis that you will eventually agree or disagree with by the time you are almost finished with the research paper.
A hypothesis can be a sentence or a three to four sentences fused in together. This will precisely tell what your research paper is all. Next, you need to compile a working bibliography.
A working bibliography is the list of writings you essentially will use for a research paper. To put up a bibliography, you need a search strategy.
You might start with common sources and step forward to specialized sources. A review of the literature is an essential part of your research paper, which is a careful examination of the collection of published research that is relevant to your hypothesis.
Next, evaluate your sources. Sources are basically of two types:. It is first hand data that is collected through interviews, experiments, and questionnaires. Secondary source of evidence is information published about research that is done by others previously. Both of these will add to further information for your research paper. Citing the sources of your information in your research paper depends on the assigned style. Normally, research papers follow the , , or for citation of resources.
It is time to start writing once you have collected sufficient information and outlined it properly. Learning Objectives Identify the components of a research paper.
Analyze the components of a research paper. Understanding Scholarly Journal Articles Once a researcher goes through the process of conducting a research project, it is critical that he or she shares their findings with others through submission of the work to a scholarly journal. Structure of a Research Paper While academic disciplines vary on the exact format and style of journal articles in their field, most articles contain similar content and are divided in parts that typically follow the same logical flow.
Title The title should be specific and indicate the problem the research project addresses using keywords that will be helpful in literature reviews in the future. Abstract The abstract is used by readers to quickly review the overall content of the paper.
Introduction The introduction begins by introducing the broad overall topic and providing basic background information. Literature Review The purpose of the literature review is to describe past important research and it relate it specifically to the research problem. Methods The methods section will describe the research design and methodology used to complete to the study. Results In this section, the results of the analysis are presented.
Research Tutorials Why Research? Resource Links Parts of a Research Paper - The parts of a typical research paper are described in these two links and the sites also provide links for additional resources, including the APA style manual. Part 1 - http: Suggested Readings Belcher, W. Writing your journal article in 12 weeks: A guide to academic publishing success. Addressing feedback from reviewers and editors. The handbook of scholarly writing and publishing.
Creating a whole from the parts: Qualities of good writing. Writing a literature review. Developing a research problem and purpose statement. The American college teacher: Reasons to write, writing opportunities, and other considerations.
Wallace and Wray Scholary reading as a model for scholarly writing. Your hypothesis is your proposed explanation that you will test to determine whether it is true or false It will contain measurable variables those that change or can be manipulated with results that can be compared with each other.
Avoid over-generalizing, and reference the research findings of others to support why you think this will work C. National Health Museum's Writing Hypotheses: Give enough information so that others can follow your procedure, and can replicate it and hopefully come up with the same findings and conclusions as you did!
Develop your argument based upon your findings. While the data may read for itself, you will need to interpret. Restate and summarize your findings and discussion either in order to simply complexity or to provide a summary for those who skip to it! A research paper is not an essay, an editorial, or a story. All assertions of fact must be documented. Be careful of any generalizations that you make.
With a good understanding of the elements of a successful research paper, the process can be made a whole lot easier and simpler. A Successful Research Paper is a SMART one A successful research paper fulfills the objective of increasing readers' knowledge of a given subject.
Online Writing Lab, Writing a Research Paper, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, (September 17, ) StumbleUpon Website overview: Since the Study Guides and Strategies Website has been researched, authored, maintained and supported as an international, learner .
Basic Elements of a Research Paper I. Introduction Outline your thesis, problem, question, etc. The most important point is that you are stating a thesis/theory (relationship among variables), examining a problem, investigating a question, or the like. You are not simply describing. In . 3 Elements You Should Include in the Introduction of a Research Paper. The introduction to a research paper is exactly what it sounds like. It’s an introduction to what your audience is about to read about.
Research writing is distinct in approach and technique. The information here describes the various stages of research writing and offers suggestions for approaching it. Elements of a research paper. 13 Conclusion The ideas that have been briefly discussed constitute the basic elements of the research process, knowledge of which goes a long way in carrying out a scientifically successful research.