Grading and Performance Rubrics What are Rubrics? Advantages of Using Rubrics Using a rubric provides several advantages to both instructors and students. Examples of Rubrics Here are links to a diverse set of rubrics designed by Carnegie Mellon faculty and faculty at other institutions. Paper Assignments Example 1: Anthropology Writing Assignments This rubric was designed for a series of short writing assignments in anthropology, CMU.
This rubric was designed for essays and research papers in history, CMU. Capstone Project in Design This rubric describes the components and standard of performance from the research phase to the final presentation for a senior capstone project in the School of Design, CMU. Engineering Design Project This rubric describes performance standards on three aspects of a team project: Research and Design, Communication, and Team Work.
Oral Presentations Example 1: Oral Exam This rubric describes a set of components and standards for assessing performance on an oral exam in an upper-division history course, CMU. Oral Communication Example 3: Group Presentations This rubric describes a set of components and standards for assessing group presentations in a history course, CMU.
Discussion Class This rubric assesses the quality of student contributions to class discussions. This is appropriate for an undergraduate-level course, CMU. Advanced Seminar This rubric is designed for assessing discussion performance in an advanced undergraduate or graduate seminar. The response demonstrates a consistent use of precise word choice. The response shows a strong command of the conventions of standard written English and is free or virtually free of errors.
Because there's a lot of different factors that go into calculating your Writing score, I've divided the discussion of this rubric area into five separate items:. One of the most basic rules of the SAT essay is that you need to express a clear opinion on the "assignment" the prompt.
This is a nice, vague statement that leaves you a lot of wiggle room. If you disagree with the author, it's also a way of avoiding having to say that the author is persuasive. Don't fall into this trap! The author effectively builds his argument that hot dogs are not sandwiches by using logic, allusions to history and mythology, and factual evidence.
In contrast to the vague claim that "There are a variety of ways in which the author builds his argument," this thesis both specifies what the author's argument is and the ways in which he builds the argument that you'll be discussing in the essay. While it's extremely important to make sure your essay has a clear point of view, strong critical reasoning, and support for your position, that's not enough to get you a top score.
What does this mean? Part of the way you can make sure your essay is "well organized" has to do with following standard essay construction points. Don't write your essay in one huge paragraph; instead, include an introduction with your thesis stating your point of view , body paragraphs one for each example, usually , and a conclusion.
This structure might seem boring, but it really works to keep your essay organized, and the more clearly organized your essay is, the easier it will be for the essay grader to understand your critical reasoning.
The second part of this criteria has to do with keeping your essay focused, making sure it contains "a deliberate and highly effective progression of ideas. You need to make sure that each paragraph is also organized. Recall the sample prompt:. Let's say that you're writing the paragraph about the author's use of logic to persuade his reader that hot dogs aren't sandwiches. You should NOT just list ways that the author is logical in support of his claim, then explain why logic in general is an effective persuasive device.
While your points might all be valid, your essay would be better served by connecting each instance of logic in the passage with an explanation of how that example of logic persuades the reader to agree with the author. Above all, it is imperative that you make your thesis your central claim clear in the opening paragraph of your essay - this helps the grader keep track of your argument.
In your essay, you should use a wide array of vocabulary and use it correctly. Creating elegant, non-awkward sentences is the thing I struggle most with under time pressure. As another example, take a look at these two excerpts from the hypothetical essay discussing how the author persuaded his readers that a hot dog is not a sandwich:. The author pointed out the logical fallacy of saying a hot dog was a sandwich because it was meat "sandwiched" between two breads.
The author thus persuades the reader his point makes sense to be agreed with and convinces them. The above sentences lack variety in structure they all begin with the words "the author" , and the last sentence has serious flaws in its structure it makes no sense. By laying out his reasoning, step by step, Hodgman makes it easy for the reader to follow along with his train of thought and arrive at the same destination that he has.
This destination is Hodgman's claim that a hot dog is not a sandwich. The above sentences demonstrate variety in sentence structure they don't all begin with the same word and don't have the same underlying structure that presumably forward the point of the essay.
In general, if you're doing well in all the other Writing areas, your sentence structures will also naturally vary. If you're really worried that your sentences are not varied enough, however, my advice for working on "demonstrating meaningful variety in sentence structure" without ending up with terribly worded sentences is twofold:.
This part of the Writing grade is all about the nitty gritty details of writing: If two essays are otherwise of equal quality, but one writer misspells "definitely" as "definately" and the other writer fails to explain how one of her examples supports her thesis, the first writer will receive a higher essay score.
It's only when poor grammar, use of punctuation, and spelling start to make it difficult to understand your essay that the graders start penalizing you.
My advice for working on this rubric area is the same advice as for sentence structure: If you're really struggling with spelling, simply typing up your handwritten essay into a program like Microsoft Word and running spellcheck can alert you to problems.
We've also got a great set of articles up on our blog about SAT Writing questions that may help you better understand any grammatical errors you are making.
There are a couple of different ways. Since you know what the SAT is looking for in an essay, you can now use that knowledge to guide what you write about in your essays! A tale from my youth: The most important part of the SAT essay is using specific examples from the passage and explaining how they convince the reader of the author's point. Even when an example of an essay that scored a particular score is provided, that essay will probably use different examples than you did, make different arguments, maybe even argue different interpretations of the text The SAT essay rubric is the next best thing to an answer key for the essay - use it as a lens through which to view and assess your essay.
You just have to apply the rubric as best as you can to your essays and work on fixing your weak areas. For the sentence structure, grammar, usage, and mechanics stuff I highly recommend asking a friend, teacher, or family member who is really good at English writing to take a look over your practice essays and point out the mistakes.
If you really want custom feedback on your practice essays from experienced essay graders, may I also suggest the PrepScholar test prep platform? I manage the essay grading and so happen to know quite a bit about the essay part of this platform, which gives you both an essay grade and custom feedback for each essay you complete.
Learn more about how it all works here. Are you so excited by this article that you want to read even more articles on the SAT essay? Of course you are. Want to go even more in depth with the SAT essay? We have a complete list of past SAT essay prompts as well as tips and strategies for how to get a 12 on the SAT essay.
Maybe a five-day free trial of our very own PrepScholar test prep platform which includes essay practice and feedback is just what you need. Trying to figure out whether the old or new SAT essay is better for you?
Take a look at our article on the new SAT essay assignment to find out! Check out our best-in-class online SAT prep program. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes what you study to your strengths and weaknesses.
We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks:. How to Get a Perfect , by a Perfect Scorer. Score on SAT Math. Score on SAT Reading. Score on SAT Writing. What ACT target score should you be aiming for? Full Analysis and Writing Strategies. Posted by Laura Staffaroni Aug 12, 9: Check out our 5-day free trial: Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Ask a Question Below Have any questions about this article or other topics?
Ask below and we'll reply! Search the Blog Search. Customize your test prep for maximum results. Want General Expert Advice? Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics!
Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips!
The response demonstrates some comprehension of the source text. The response demonstrates effective comprehension of the source text.
The response demonstrates thorough comprehension of the source text. The response may not focus on features of the text that are relevant to addressing the task, Or the response offers no discernible analysis e. The response focuses primarily on those features of the text that are most relevant to addressing the task. The response may lack a clear central claim or controlling idea. The response shows a weak control of the conventions of standard written English and may contain numerous errors that undermine the quality of writing.
Furthermore, the content area for which the essay is written may require some alterations to the rubric. In social studies, for example, an essay about geographical landforms and their effect on the culture of a region might necessitate additional criteria about the use of specific terminology.
Essay Rubric Directions: Your essay will be graded based on this rubric. Consequently, use this rubric as a guide when writing your essay and check it again before you submit your essay. Traits 4 3 2 1 Focus & Details There is one clear, well-focused topic. Main ideas are clear and are well supported by detailed and accurate information.
Essay rubrics save teachers time because all of the criteria are listed and organized into one convenient paper. If used effectively, rubrics can help improve students' writing. How to Use an Essay Rubric. The best way to use an essay rubric is to give the rubric to the . Evaluating a College Writing Sample RUBRIC CRITERIA / SCALE Exceeds Expectations Meets Expectations essay Some evidence of critic analysis and/or insight There are some exam and evid Central idea and clarity purpose are absent or incompletely ex and maintained.
Essay Evaluation Rubric Directions: This rubric will be used to evaluate the final draft of your essay. The instructor will not check your essay for just grammar errors alone. He/She will look at other areas that make a good essay. You may want to ask yourself the following questions. 1. Sample Rubric 7: Critical Thinking Scoring (Holistic Rubric) (Creators: Facione and Facione, ) 4 Consistently does all or almost all of the following: Accurately interprets evidence, statements, graphics, questions, etc. Identifies the salient arguments (reasons and claims) pro and con.