Also argues that the conflicts were due more to political reasons than to Galileo's beliefs. Reforms in Russia Following the Crimean War. The defeat in the war caused the Russian government to see the need to modernize society.
In addition to freeing the serfs, the government implemented reforms in the military, local government, the judiciary, education, and other areas.
The reforms had positive effects; yet many problems remained. The essay concludes that while Irish Americans should continue to remember the Great Famine and to hold on to it as a symbol of unity; however, it is not quite accurate to compare the events of the Famine with the even more brutal and vicious events of the Holocaust.
Why did Portugal, pioneering founder and unequivocal European leader of the spice and slave trades through the sixteenth century, drop to the margins of these trades in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries?
That is the central question under investigation in this comparative study of the European-Asian spice trade and Atlantic slave trade of the 15thth Centuries. The analysis looks at the major reasons for the decline and eventual diminution of the Portuguese role in these two major trades, considering political, organizational, cultural, economic, competitive and other factors.
This paper provides an overview and analysis of the economic impact of the transatlantic slave trade on the major European slave-trading nations.
Argues that despite huge losses and inefficiencies, the major European slave traders of the 17th and 18th Centuries Dutch, British, French benefited economically from the trade in terms of increased exports, improvements in the shipping industry, the slave labor efficiencies of the plantation economies in the colonies, and the stimulation of development and innovation within certain industries. The effect is most dramatic for Great Britain. Argues that long-lasting changes in style occurred in both cultures; however, there were also crucial differences, which were due to the philosophical orientations of the East and the West.
This term paper provides an overview and analysis of the development and practice of witchcraft in Europe. Following a definition of witchcraft and witches, the paper discusses the development of witchcraft and the links between healers, traditional religions, and witchcraft. Focusing on Europe, the paper then discusses witchcraft from Classical to modern times.
Women in British Prisons in the 19th and 20th Centuries. The third section, covering the period , reviews the gradual establishment of the 20th century model of rehabilitation. This paper notes the success stories of the Industrial Revolution, but emphasizes the idea that it led to greater economic inequalities and thus caused many people to suffer the hardships of poverty.
The paper also looks at the role played by urbanization in contributing to this problem. An analysis of the impact of the European Industrial Revolution on the Ottoman Empire, focusing on the 19th century and the economic impacts of industrialization. Considers changes in trade patterns, capital investment, mechanization, and transfer of technology.
Illuminates the importance of the internal market in the Ottoman economy during this period. This paper analyzes how the political and social structures of More's ideal society reflect the tensions at the end of the Middle Ages when Europe was changing politically from a feudal, agricultural society made up of smaller states, to large modern nation states with power concentrated in the central government.
Locke, Spinoza and Descartes: Productive Exile in 17th Century Holland. Examines the philosophies of the three prominent thinkers, each of whom produced their most famous works while in exile in Holland. Focuses on the major works of each philosopher: Argues that all three philosophers achieved a necessary freedom of expression during their Dutch experience.
Francis Bacon's Impeachment on Bribery Charges France Through the Terror: Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, Analyzes France's domestic and international strategic position through the year period of almost continual combat.
Argues that it was only the complete exhaustion of France's economic, political and military resources, combined with the obstinacy of Napoleon that led to France's final defeat at Waterloo. Life and career of the seventeenth-century Englishman, including a discussion of the relationship between his work as a playwright and his work as an architect.
Ireland's Great Famine Discusses the causes of the famine, as well as the ineffectual responses of the British government. Also argues that the famine was a turning point in the Irish history, reducing the nation's population and increasing the resentment of Irish rebels toward British rule.
Looks that the main contributors and main themes behind the palaces, gardens and grounds at Versailles. The use of royal building as an expression of statemanship is noted; Versailles is seen as the origin of the multi-area "theme park" of ideas.
Otto Von Bismarck Biographical sketch of the life and work of the 19th century German statesman, who served as Prime Minister of Prussia and Chancellor of the second German Reich which he is credited for founding. Rome and the Neoclassical Revival. The lure of Rome for artists, scholars and travelers in the eighteenth and nineteenth century is examined in this paper. The rise of Rome as the central repository of Renaissance and the Baroque masterworks, as well as its position as the site of ruins and statuary from the classical, is described.
Various aspects of Neoclassical style and taste as they relate to the art and culture of eighteenth and nineteenth are noted. Italy artistic revival Neoclassicism. Queen Elizabeth and the Defeat of the Spanish Armada. Considers the role of Elizabeth I in the events that led to the decisive naval battle between England and Spain.
Also discusses how her reluctance to mobilize for battle was a sign of practicality on her part. The Early Life of Elizabeth I. Discusses her childhood and education, as well as the threats she faced during the reigns of Edward VI and Mary I.
Also discusses how her early life provided her with the qualities she needed to become one of England's greatest monarchs. The Spirit of Rationalism and the Great Transition. A brief essay which addresses the question, "What was the Great Transition that instigated what we now call modern society? Life and career of British naval hero, including his early years, affair with Lady Hamilton, victories due to the use of new warfare tactics, and his importance as a figure in British history.
Republican Government in Venice and Florence. Examines the popular basis and republican electoral systems of Venice and Florence in the 16th and 17th Centuries. Indirect election, government by committee, and balancing of power among families are seen as the source of republican freedom in these two cities; dynasticism and nationalism are however shown to be the growing trend of the period.
Also argues that, despite its political failures, the middle class made important contributions to culture and society. The French Conquest of Vietnam. Discusses the causes and course of the French conquest of Vietnam, including events in the period Considers some of the factors which led to the French interest in the region and to France's eventual determination to impose authority over the country. Analyzes France's success in pacifying Vietnam during the period, along with the Vietnamese inability to find a successful means of resistance.
Argues that there were several factors involved in the rise of the Nazi dictatorship and the onset of the Second World War. These factors included Germany's colonial ambitions, the ineffectualness of the Weimar Republic, economic crises, fears of communism, Hitler's ability to mobilize the public, the support of the lower middle class, the assistance of the ruling elites and big business, and the failure of the European powers to contain Germany's expansion.
The Irish Immigration The paper summarizes the history of Irish immigration during the period of to The paper covers topics such as the potato famine, working conditions in the textile mills of New England, the transformation of the Catholic Church in America by Irish immigrants and the success of the Irish immigrants in the spreading of Labor Unions in the 's and 's. Brief, favorable review of Rude's study of the role of the lower classes in the French Revolution. Describes the author's methodology, summarizes Rude's conclusions about the underlying economic motivations of the crowd in various insurrections, and presents Rude's appraisal of the overall importance of the crowd in the Revolution.
The Historical Significance of Napoleon Bonaparte. This paper considers the historical significance of Napoleon Bonaparte to not only France and the French Empire under Napoleon, but also to greater Europe and the world as a whole.
Argues that Napoleon's greatest historical significance lies in his promulgation of the modern secular state, his role in the invention of modern warfare, and in his unwitting encouragement of a new international system. Challenges of the Kaiserreich and Nazi Dictatorship. The political and economic factors in Germany in the late 19th and early 20th centuries that led from Prussian imperialism to Hitler's rise to power. A Comparison of Western and Eastern Viewpoints. Whereas the Christian view tends to condemn homosexuality, the Eastern especially Buddhist view is more tolerant and accepting.
The paper also argues that Western persecution is due to social and political reasons rather than religious reasons. Differences in Historical Interpretations of Nazism. An analysis of Ian Kershaw's The Nazi Dictatorship and its thoughtful discourse on the debate between the traditionalist, historicist, "intentionalist" view of Nazism and the more contemporary, "revisionist," structural-methodological approach.
The Anti-Corn Law League. Describes the suggest of the English manufacturers and factory workers in their fight against the Corn Law protectionism for domestic wheat production in the early 19th century.
The Concert of Europe vs. The Spirit of Revolution, Well informed, detailed history of this period of imperial diplomacy, actually covering from formation of the anti-Napoleonic alliance, the treaties regulating Napoleon's defeats in and , what was new in these treaties and the socio-political situation of fearful conservatism in Europe, the renewed outbreaks of revolution after , Metternich's maneuvering and the responses of England, France, Russia and others, the Conferences and Congresses of Troppau, Laibach, and Verona and what they meant, the breakup of the Holy Alliance in , and both positive and negative assessments of this "Concert of Europe" period in international diplomacy.
Why the Revolutions Failed to Unify Germany. Discusses the economic and political conditions leading to the revolutions. Also discusses the failings of the Frankfurt National Assemble and the role of the "counter-revolution" in restoring the monarchs to power.
The Manchu Empire and the Ottoman Empire. Anatolia China comparative history. Summary and analysis of an editorial from The Times celebrating the accomplishments of England during the first 50 years of her reign.
The Delights of Vienna. Looks at the many delights of the Austrian capital. Vienna's historical legacy, its music, food, and tourist attractions, are described. A favorable critique of Gorbachev's autobiography, examining the former Soviet leader's role as a "cold warrior" and his importance in changing the course of the year Cold War.
Autocratic Tendencies in the Balkans. This paper explores autocratic tendencies among the four Balkan countries of Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, and Yugoslavia from the years to Discusses similarities and differences in the political, social, economic structure of the four countries.
Considers why the Balkans turned to communism and why they failed to establish multi-party democracies, with comparison to Turkey and Greece. Louis Xiv's Foreign Policy to Examines the major themes and objectives of French War and diplomacy from to The king's policy of territorial expansion and political domination is seen as expression of royal absolutism in foreign affairs. The History of the Ottoman Empire. This paper presents a political and historical profile of the Ottoman Empire, considering its scope and composition, focus on jihad, administration, obligations of subjects, economy, and position on religious tolerance.
A concluding section considers the reasons behind the demise of the empire. The History of Jews in Vienna. Despite this fact, many notable Jewish artists, writers and scientists have lived in the city, including Theodore Herzl, founder of the modern Zionist movement. Vienna as a "Cradle of Music. Ironically, many of these artists were rejected by the citizens of Vienna during their own times.
Sweden and the Wto. This paper investigates the economics of trade from the perspective of Sweden's export-led growth under the auspices of the newly-constituted World Trade Organization. To gain a better understanding of the economics of free global trade, the an analysis focuses on one sector of Swedish exports- knowledge-based manufactures- and its relationship to the terms of global trade established and evolving through the World Trade Organization.
Includes an overview of the economics of free trade, background on the WTO and its formation, and a profile of world trade in the late 20th century, including a discussion of the politics of free trade. Examines Sweden's position in the international trading economy and presents the rationale for the need for Sweden to rely on higher-level, knowledge-based manufacturers to underpin its future economic growth.
The Rise of Science and the Ideals of the Enlightenment. This paper traces the religious, philosophical, and scientific origins of the enlightenment. The roles of Newton, Kant, Montesquieu and Voltaire. The British Exploitation of India. Discusses Great Britain's economic, social, and cultural domination of India. Beginning with the economic exploitation of the British East India Company, this paper examines a history of racism and aristocratic condescension that accompanied British rule.
Morality in the Slave Trade. This paper examines the cultural factors that ultimately overcame economic factors in leading Great Britain to ban the slave trade in the 19th century. Examines England's "revolution that wasn't" in the late 18th-early 19th century from the viewpoint of Brinton's lifecycle of revolutions. Draws upon data in Thompson's "Making of the English Working Class" to assess the reasons why the revolution never completed the lifecycle.
Social Change and Its Consequences. Describes and analyzes Cohn's account Pursuit of the Millennium of social change and its consequences during the pre-industrial period. Examines the characteristics, motivations, behaviors and outcomes of crowds or popular dissent in pre-industrial Europe.
The causes of World War I. The impact of nationalistic trends on the political, economic, social, and religious lives of people both in the involved and neighboring countries.
The reasons for German nationalism. Can the unification of Germany in the 19th century be regarded as a key reason for the rise of nationalistic trends? The merging of arts and sciences in Europe in the 17th — 18th centuries. Why did artists go for scientific developments? Try to explain this phenomenon. Western political standards of lord and vassal subordination. How did it appear and turn into the existing government standards?
Examine the participation of Russia in the wars. How did nationalism affect both of the conflicts? What was the role of sea military forces in the wars? The role of Bismarck and Hitler in German history. What are their methods of decision making and how did they solve problems of great importance?
The influence of Locke and French philosophies on the rise of liberal political thought in Europe in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries.
Coming Up With Great European History Essay Topics European history is broad, and there are lots of issues that are worth researching in your essay. If you want to invent a topic that is both easy and interesting, you should think big. Don’t go for the beaten topic ideas.
Research within librarian-selected research topics on European History from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more.
European History Essay Topics - Chapter Summary By using this chapter, you'll be provided with essay prompts and suggestions for a variety of texts and topics related to European history. These lessons cover Machiavelli, Night by Elie Wiesel and Celtic mythology. Homosexuality and Lesbianism in Pre-Modern European History. There is a debate among scholars over why homosexual behaviors were condemned by both Church and society after the 14th Century. Male homosexual behavior in particular, was severely prosecuted from .
A Guide with Topics So That You Don’t Need to Break Head over Your European History Research Paper If you need to write a paper for a European history class, you will need to pick an interesting topic. A List Of Controversial Research Paper Topics On European History European history is one of the places that have multiple topics one can research on. The topics that can be composed on European history are endless and therefore, you have a great list to choose from.