Among other reforms were referendums, or voting on an initiative, giving people an opportunity to execute legislation that the governmental body is not able or unwilling to do; and recall, a procedure that allowed the residents to abolish elected officials with voting or petitions.
These reforms are known as the Wisconsin Ideas, as they were introduced for the first time in Wisconsin and became the standard for other cities in the country. The Progressive Era witnessed the rise of the public control of gas, electricity, water; municipally owned utilities suggested people smaller rates than the private organizations.
Private utilities were under the jurisdiction of commissions that inspected rates, unions and various business operations. The railroads and the transportation systems in cities were regulated in a similar way. The anti-alcohol campaign had a little progress with the formation of Anti-Saloon League in This organization was aimed at prohibiting alcohol rather than persuading people not to drink.
It was supported by the Protestant churches, and by about two-thirds of the states prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcohol. In December , Congress ratified the Eighteenth Amendment that banned the produce of alcohol, its sale and transportation worldwide.
The National Child Labor Committee organized a campaign aimed at stopping the children exploitation. The photographs taken by Lewis Hine were the most efficient weapon in this movement.
They showed young girls and boys working with the unsafe instruments in plants and mines. Having damaged, discolored or missing teeth affects patients' well-being and daily lives, just as the time taken to tend to the…… [Read More]. Mind and Body in History. For Marx, of course, economics and class conflicts were the base of society, and social change proceeded through revolutions, such as the French, American and English Revolutions against feudalism in the 17th and 18th Centuries.
In the future, capitalism would be overthrown by a socialist revolution, starting with the most advanced industrial economies in the West Greene, p. Comte argued that sociology should be concerned with the "laws of social evolution," though, and that science and technology had undermined traditional religion and the feudal social order.
Society evolved in three distinct stages, theological, metaphysical and positive, with positivism representing urban, industrial society Greene, p. Conclusion Plato, Augustine and Descartes were the most important dualist philosophers in history, and all of them valued the mind and immortal soul far more than the physical body or the material universe. This view was dominant until the era of the Scientific Revolution…… [Read More]. This discussion is followed by an examination of the antecedents of tension for school board members in general and for rural schools board members in particular in the United States and how these tensions have been described and reported in the relevant literature.
Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning the evolution of perceptions of school board member roles and sources of tension for school board members concludes the chapter. Evolving Perceptions of School Board Member Roles During the s and early s, the literature concerning perceptions of school board members and their roles generally included an overview of the historical origins and development of the role of school board members, with some researchers beginning their analyses as early as…… [Read More].
Colonial Women Different Experiences in Colonial America One of the central debates in the lives of early colonial women relates to their quality of life. Some have proposed that there was something of a golden age for women in the Colonial America while on the other end of the spectrum many believe that this notion is completely untrue Norton, In fact, the treatment of women and their inclusion or exclusion from social circles is definitely different depending on a range of socio-economic factors as well as even location.
Some local cultures treated women far differently than the regional or national cultures. To summarize an era as a golden age for women is almost certainly an overgeneralization unless is specifically targets a…… [Read More]. History Present America has changed so vastly since the U. Civil War that it is hard to single out three events that have had the most beneficial impact from the later nineteenth century to the present day.
However, in terms of selecting events that have had the greatest impact on the daily lives of Americans in this time period even to the present day it is possible to nominate some specific events.
The ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U. Constitution in , the introduction of the New Deal under President Franklin Roosevelt, the passage of the Civil Rights Act during the Presidency of Lyndon Johnson are all events which continue to have a positive impact felt by all Americans. The Nineteenth Amendment to the U. Constitution is what permits women to vote.
The fact that it was only passed in is something of a scandal --…… [Read More]. Debating the Ethics of Stem Cell Research. In human years, Dolly was only about years old and had been suffering from arthritis for many years. This outcome is consistent with the claims of some scientists that current cloning technology does not accurately replicate natural sexual reproduction and disproportionately generates debilitating and sometimes lethal genetic defects.
Dolly was the product of somatic cell nuclear transfer SCNT , which involved removing the DNA from a sheep somatic adult cell, inserting it into an egg, and then transferring the egg to a receptive womb. This technology is very similar to what is currently being developed by stem…… [Read More]. Affirmative Action Equal Opportunity. The policies have sought its origin to varied sources like legal structure, executive instructions, and court rulings.
It was during the last three decades that these policies were being developed and they have become debatable as well. Legal History During the last three decades of the nineteenth century, a large number of African-Americans officiated in important public posts inclusive of two senators and 20 members in the House. However withdrawal of sustenance for reconstruction by the federal government in the late nineteenth century, the benefits extended to African-Americans were wiped out and substituted by a system of legal segregation such as that of Latinos, Asians, and Native Americans.
Descriptive information regarding the evolution of Affirmative action and the Equal Opportunity Act- and the opposition of such laws The…… [Read More].
ECB can be successful at emulating the strategic model set forth by the German Bundesbank. The discussion will focus on the fact that the ECB is facing different problems as it is still in the developmental phases.
The investigation will seek to determine whether the tools of the Bundesbank can provide support for the ECB in achieving economic stability in the European Monetary Union. Research about this particular topic is important because the European Union is expected to expand in the years to come. In addition, many members of the European Union have opted to have a single currency.
This means that economic stability is even more essential in ensure that the European Monetary System is economically efficient. The methodology for this research will encompass several forms. Firstly, the research will contain background information about the ECB and the Bundesbank. In addition, the research will contain a literature review to…… [Read More]. Businesses and Information Technology. It will not be able to effectively and efficiently optimize its success.
The rapid pace of technological change and the effects of technology revolution have launched the world into an era of organizations that are experiencing extraordinary growth in both the development and the dissemination of information and communications technologies. This paper reviews the current literature on the subject of the integration…… [Read More].
Catholic Church in Spain and the United States. Catholic church and public policy have remarked that the members of American clergy in general, without even excepting those who do not admit religious liberty, are all in favour of civil freedom; but they do not support any particular political system. They keep aloof from parties, and from public affairs. In the United States religion exercises but little influence upon laws, and upon the details of public opinion; but it directs the manners of the community, and by regulating domestic life, it regulates the state.
Alexis de Tocqueville In making this statement, Alexis de Tocqueville sought to record religion's influence on American public life in the 's. Today, the intimate relations among political culture, political behavior, and church state circumstances that Tocqueville so aptly described are accurate in describing the relationship between politics and religion in the United States, and abroad. In recent times and throughout history, politics and religion…… [Read More]. Christian Values and Business Management.
Not a Contradiction in Terms Presented with the idea of "Bioethics" most people in the scientific community today immediately get the impression of repressive, Luddite forces wishing to stifle research and advancement in the name of morality and God. Unfortunately, this stereotype too often holds true. If one looks over the many independent sites on the Internet regarding bioethics, reads popular magazines and publications, or browses library shelves for books on bioethics, the message seems quite frequently negative.
Many Christians --and particularly those in conservative camps-- seem to have a deep seated fear of many elements of biotechnology. While this is slightly less problematic with such advances as genetically modified plants and animals which are targeted more by liberal neo-pagans and primitivists , it is certainly very true in the field of medical experimentation and especially stem cell and embryonic research. In many ways, this dedication to an anti-technology…… [Read More].
The public was led to believe that Germany was going to win the war, and it looked forward to a much- improved socio-economic climate. Instead, the war was lost and the country was facing a very dreary future.
As a result, the government established the Weimar Republic under the leadership of Friedrich Ebert, a past leader of the Social Democratic Party SPD and a supporter of the war efforts.
Some historians believe it was fate that Weimar Germany did not succeed. From the beginning the challenges were too great, the situation too grim and the individuals involved too unprepared.
As a result, Weimar Germany had a short and bumpy ride that combined the best with the worst: Culturally, it remains one of Germany's most creative periods of time in art, literature and thought. Politically and economically,…… [Read More]. Industrial Revolution in America. Industrial Revolution in America Countless historical events and cultural impacts have influenced the future of the American culture and society since the period of the Industrial Revolution.
Drastic changes were brought to men, transforming their ways of life into convenience and improvement through the advance discoveries of the geniuses of the past and the revolution of diverse industries. Without the era of the industrial revolution, our lifestyles today, in terms of the technology that we currently have, will not be as progressive as they are.
Essentially, the industrial revolution had built the history of technology. The era of the industrial revolution have witnessed changes in the different aspects of society and human life. In America, changes were seen in politics, education, transportation, arts, entertainment, literature, economy, etc.
The economic and social structure of the…… [Read More]. Kennedys and Kings by Harris Wofford This. It uses the book as a source. This is a book that describes and tries to explain one of the most important and controversial periods in our political history. The author, Harris Wofford, has the advantage however of providing the reader with valuable insight on what was the atmosphere and ground reality in the 's from the point-of-view of an individual who was actually part of the political scene.
He was a colleague of Dr. He worked closely with some of our nation's most beloved figures, Martin Luther King Jr.
This book traces the events of history and embellishes them with his own personal…… [Read More]. Palmetto Leaves and Egalitarianism Harriet Beecher Stowe has a historical link to the politics of slavery. Through her regionalist work Palmetto Leaves she gives an artful yet impassioned plea for the education and equality of freedmen.
In the work she examines life and state-building in Florida. Her personal style of describing events and purpose through the everyday events of her surroundings come out in the book. Stowe preaches an early minimalist ideal of taking personal and collective responsibility for ones life, surroundings and desires are also expressed. Stowe foreshadows her topic of interest, the fair treatment of freed slaves, in the first chapter with her plea for the welfare of a desperate stray dog.
Using the language of the Bill of Rights she expresses not knowing if the poor stray dog from the steamer wanders with, " Hypnosis in the Medical Field.
Hypnosis in Medicine Proven and Effective: The Continued use of Hypnosis in Modern Western Medicine Alternative medical therapy has become an increasingly discussed topic in the medical profession as more and more clinicians and agencies study and build collective works on the issues surrounding preventative and holistic medical care.
It has begun to be acknowledged across the field that traditional Western medicine may have been entirely to focused on the technology and mechanisms that govern disease and not as focused as need be on the human needs of the patient. Through this new emphasis on holistic care doctors, nurses, hospitals and their governing boards have begun to readdress issues of old, issues like the melding of eastern and western traditional therapies, sound therapy, aroma therapy, spiritual therapy and many others.
At this what some would call the crossroads of this holistic focus one of the first things that has occurred…… [Read More]. Why We Should Invade Iraq. Under the terms of the Gulf War cease-fire, Iraq was supposed to destroy all its weapons of mass destruction.
It has refused to do so. Saddam Hussain is known to possess biological and chemical weapons and almost certainly hiding large stockpiles -- apart from American and British intelligence sources, this has been confirmed by neutral observers He has tried to develop nuclear weapons before and will be in a position to do so some time in future if not stopped.
There is evidence to support the this fact as he has bought and attempted to buy equipment used in development of nuclear weapons as well as weapons grade uranium He has also acquired ballistic missiles that enables delivery of these weapons and is trying to upgrade their capability and range He has consistently refused, obstructed and hindered inspection of his weapons development facilities to UN observers He has…… [Read More].
Values of Rock N Roll Music. This was because rock no longer stressed music to dance to. Throughout the decades, rock 'n roll has become a way for young people to express their emotions and problems, such as love, school, peer pressure, cars and parents. It has also been used as a significant display of rebellion against general authority and adult values. Since the 's, rock 'n roll and rock music has taken a stand against the American economic and political systems, as well as a general defiance against…… [Read More].
Gender as Prison At first reading, Babbitt by Sinclair Lewis and Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale seem to have little to do with each other except for the very general fact that both novels have elements of social and political commentary in them.
But, while the world's portrayed in these books are fundamentally different from each other, a closer reading suggests important intersections and congruences in the novels around the subject of gender. For in both cases, the major characters are both defined by and in important ways imprisoned by their gender. In the case of Atwood's protagonist, the prison is one that she actively resists because she is always clear that it is a prison, while Babbitt is initially convinced that he is a free man.
By the end of the novels, each has come to a different understanding of the ways in which gender which is to say,…… [Read More]. Du Bois present opposing representations of the diametrically opposed philosophies that came to define African-American culture in the United States during the upheaval of Reconstruction.
Washington, in his autobiography Up From Slavery, advocates a sweeping reconciliation between former slaves and their former owners, believing that the most accessible path to securing rights for his people is paved with acquiescence and cooperation, rather than by forcible assertion. Du Bois, meanwhile, in The Souls of Black Folk, advocates an approach premised on the attainment of political power, an insistence on civil rights and, perhaps most importantly, the pursuit of higher education by young black men.
Though both authors appear to strive for similar goals in their work, namely, the shedding of the last remnants of slavery from African-American culture, they are in strident opposition when it comes to the most productive means of achieving that goal. Strategic Diversity Management Diversity management is a stratagem which contributes actively in encouraging the conception, recognition and implementation of diversity in the operations of different corporations and institutions.
This whole notion has its roots in the idea that diversity is the only means of enriching lives of innumerable people by ensuring equal rights, positive behaviour and a fair attitude to all and sundry. Individuals are often dissimilar in terms of age group, societal history and environment, sex, sexual preferences, fitness in reference to psychological and physical health. In addition to that, religion and matters of faith are also important aspect in determining the individuality of any human.
Diversity management is basically the acceptance and appreciation of likeness and dissimilarities amongst the entire staff.
This holds consequential importance when being considered at the time of planning policies, procedures and planning allotment of resources. Diversity is usually described as recognizing, comprehending, appreciating,…… [Read More]. Issues and Advocacy Framework Development on Education. Progressives attempted to get more people involved in the political process.
Progressives were able to enact the Sixteenth Amendment enabling the Federal government to enact an income tax. The Seventeenth Amendment which allowed for the direct election of Senators. Journalists known as muckrakers were influential in the progressive movement. These muckrakers exposed waste, corruption, and scandal in government and business.
In response to a series of articles by Ida M. Tarbell regarding the Standard Oil monopoly, the government broke up the company. Other muckrakers exposed the horrors of poverty, urban slums, dangerous factory conditions, and child labor.
The progressive movement was especially strong in certain local areas. California, Wisconsin, and Oregon often were in the lead. The citizens were involved in political participation against the influence of large corporations in government.
Essay on The Progressive Era ( - ) Essay on Progressivism Thesis statement: it is hypothesized that Progressivism was a wide and varied movement that changed American values and lifestyles having everlasting impact on American history.
The early twentieth century was an era of business expansion and progressive reform in the United States. The Progressive era was a time of immense change in America and American society. The progressives, as they called themselves, struggled to improve American society by /5(16).
Progressive Era Essay Progressive Era: Political and Social Reforms Many economic and social changes transformed the American society in the 20th century, including innovations in technology, science, living standards, mass communication, entertainment, gender roles and the role of . Progressive Era essays The progressive era was the response of different groups to the problems that were caused by the rapid industrialization and urbanization that came after the Civil War. Some of these problems included the spread of poverty, the exploitation of labor, the breakdown of democrat.
The progressive era was a period of change experienced in America, between the years and The industrial revolution that had preceded this period brought with it some negative impacts on the American population, such that leaders found it necessary to change the bad conditions that the Americans were experiencing. The Progressive Era Essay example Words 5 Pages As the 19th century came to a close a new epoch, known as the Progressive Era emerged in response to industrialization.