In addition to this, we will select simple random sampling because we can get good sampling frame as study population is geographically concentrated in small areas.
Further, we do not need to travel far to collect data. Thus, we have sample of 60 women weavers, 30 from each respective area. The unit of analysis of this research is the women weavers in Khoma, Bhutan and Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. Since this research focuses on the economic contribution of women in upholding the household needs, the units of observation will be the women interviewees from whom the data will be collected.
The time design used for this study will be cross sectional, because women weavers in both the areas will be studied once in a particular time. The reason for choosing this time design is because there is very less research done in these areas and the previous records are not easily accessible for references. Also, it is a remote area and due to lack of budget, cross sectional design is suitable.
We are also not interested in studying the changes in the household conditions of these women over the period of time, because it is not feasible for us. Several researches have been done in the field of weaving. According to Costin, usually women are engaged in domestic production like weaving and cloth production, which was economically valuable item for the large group of people as labor for a long time in Prehispanic Andes and benefits their household In another study, Renee focused on hand woven cloth production which was adopted by women after it was abandoned by Ekiti men in Yoruba.
These researches are similar to our research so, it will help us to understand how research was done and what kind of problems they faced and how they overcome those challenges.
This study is interested in seeing whether weaving benefits women. The idea of benefits can be understood as part of the empowerment process. Jude Fernando in his article, focuses on the role of Nongovernmental Organizations and Micro-Credits in empowerment of women workers.
Instead, to enable women to have influence in any institution they should have power to monitor things and they should also be economically sound Fernando The key concepts for this research will be women empowerment, autonomy of women weavers, and economic benefits for women weavers in these areas. Based on the definition of empowerment by the World Bank, empowerment, in this study, has been defined in terms of income of the women weavers that helps them to use it in different possible helpful ways.
The limitation of this definition is that it will not include other aspects of empowerment, such as, effects of earning on social status of women and we also do not include collective assets of women weavers in both the areas; rather, this research will focused on individuals.
Autonomy of women has been conceptualized in terms of self sufficiency of women weavers such as how much they can contribute to fulfill their dreams and household needs. Hence, studies have shown that many women workers in South Africa were able to fulfill their dream of self sufficiency by working in small factories Scott et al, Economic benefits for women weavers have been defined in terms of their total income and expenditures.
We will focus on total output of women weavers as there are different income levels for different skills in weaving art. We will be studying the income and expenditures of different weavers according to their skills.
After observing women doing small scale jobs as weavers in Bhutan and Pakistan, we are curious to know how their earning is contributing to their household needs. Since the research is an inductive one, the study does not propose any hypothesis for now; however, a hypothesis could be proposed at the end using the collected data. Reliability and validity will be achieved by integrating previously used methodologies and concepts by scholars in their research.
Also, in social Inquiry course Babbie certain methods have been given to ensure reliability and validity, such as doing pilot testing and face-validity. Pilot testing will be used in order to check if our methodology is feasible in the chosen area, and whether our questions make sense and give us our desired data. We will do pilot testing with some of the women weavers back in the respective communities.
Also, in order to ensure validity, multiple indicators of the key concept benefit will be used, which will include fulfillment of household needs, such as household goods, clothing, and school fees for their children. Our questions will be based on the understanding of the participants, so that it becomes convenient for the participants to respond. To increase reliability of our research we will be conducting our survey in pairs.
This will also be helpful to lessen bias in our study. This study only focused women weavers even though there are so many men weavers; this is one of the main biases of this research. Women weavers have been chosen for this research because the art of weaving is common among women and very less research has been done on them. Secondly, as we will be studying the places where we belong to and almost we know all of them and many of them are our relatives, which may also cause bias in our study.
Being insider there are so many advantages to have research in our own areas such as it is easy to build trust, have a comfortable conversation and have access to people. At the same time we have some disadvantages as well, for instance being an insider we may assume many things about our participants and we may ignore many things which may cause to miss some important data. To lessen these biases we will make pairs of one insider and one outsider because it will be helpful in many ways.
Being insider we will have easily access to people and the outsider will help us to consider all those things which insider may assume. The common ethical issues in any survey are related to the information the participants have to share because most of the time people are required to provide information that is not readily available.
Therefore, maintaining confidentiality and anonymity is very important. Sometimes even if researchers assure confidentiality people feel uncomfortable after or while sharing certain kinds of information. As our survey will mostly focus on income of women weavers and their economic status which is sensitive topic and most of the time people do not feel comfortable to share their income publicly; therefore, they may feel insecure.
To deal with this problem we have to build trust with people to make them feel comfortable. To build trust we will ensure that any information they shared during survey will remain confidential and during study their names will not be used at any point. Further, the data of this survey will be locked in safe places and only researchers and other related people to this research work will have access to these documents.
We are conducting surveys; therefore, our expected strengths of this research are the following. Since; surveys are useful in describing the characteristics of a large population and we will also use collected data from our survey to make a generalized conclusion about women empowerment through weaving art in Khoma, Bhutan and Gilgit, Pakistan.
Surveys are also considered more flexible than other moods of observations as survey questions are mostly close ended; therefore, one can respond to many questions in a short span of time. We will be asking the same questions from different people which will also be helpful to get reliability if we get similar response from participants. On the other hand, surveys have some weaknesses as well, most of the time in surveys researchers rarely focus on social life of individuals, but our research is more focusing on social life of women weavers.
Our research will be inflexible in some ways because we are only studying women weavers and weaving arts. Limited time for respondents to attempt questions, study specific questions and sudden interference in the life of ordinary people may also cause some kind of inflexibility to this research. To overcome these problems we will inform people about our research before having survey and we will try to provide enough time for the participants to attempt questionnaires.
Most of the time researchers believe that surveys are subject to artificiality because researchers construct the unusual situation during surveys which may effect on final results. But our study will not be subject to artificiality, we believe that as most of the people are familiar to us so it will lessen the chances of an artificial situation.
In every research there are certain challenges related to them and it is also true for surveys. As we are going to have surveys in Khoma, Bhutan and Gilgit, Pakistan we also assume that we will also face some challenges. For example, as we are novice researchers so people may doubt our credibility. To overcome these problems and to convince people, we will get help from head of the village and provide a brief description of our study.
In this way we may lessen the doubt of villager about our credibility. Secondly, as most of them are farmers, we may face timing problem during their working hours to get access. Unfortunately, women empowerment is still a dream in many countries and parts of the world. For example, in many Asian and Islamic countries women simply can not be empowered because of the cultural peculiarities of the nation, where men are considered to be absolutely dominant.
If one want to prepare a good women empowerment research proposal, he should spend much time to investigate the key problems of the topic successfully. It is important to explain what women empowerment is and present the historical background of the problem.
One should dwell on the reasons why women should be empowered and present the facts which prevent them on empowerment. Here one can focus on the cultural reasons on the example of different countries.
It is important to prove why women should be empowered and convince the reader in it. Without the persuasive side the effect of the research proposal will be extremely low. In order to create a good convincing proposal one should take advantage of the free sample research proposals on women empowerment in India. It is reasonable to read the example papers of the professional writers and borrow their writing experience and knowledge.
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Research Proposal on Women Empowerment April 25, writer Research Proposals 0 Women empowerment is the process of treating women like the equal companions with the same rights and duties as men have.
RESEARCH PROPOSAL SAMPLE - BY MUTALE TRICIA in this research for its high degree of newssous.tkiew Guide This will cover a wide range of questions on women empowerment and micro Finance. Documents Similar To RESEARCH PROPOSAL SAMPLE on Women Empowerment and Micro Finance.5/5(9).
Jun 10, · Farida Naz, Seldon, Dorji, Shafia 12 May There is a lot of interest in women’s empowerment and especially through their economic activities. One form of economic activity that women have been involved with in diverse areas in South Asia has been weaving. More specifically, in Bhutan and Pakistan, women have been more involved in. A women empowerment project proposal involves the detailing of the means whereby the project will be implemented and operated. It involves a huge amount of logistical planning, cooperation between different agencies and communication skills.
RESEARCH PROPOSAL SAMPLE - BY MUTALE TRICIA and UNFPA helps countries build capacity in this area of Women Empowerment and in the promotion of all rights for all. The research intends to cover Women who will be currently beneficiaries of FINCA Loans, FINCA Field Officers and Staff members in Kabwe, Zambia. Research Proposal Women Entrepreneurship for Women Empowerment: Why Understudied? By Md. Lutfur Rahman It is now an undeniable fact that without economically and socially empowering women who constitute almost half of the world population, development is impossible.