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How to Write a Synthesis Essay

1. Use Your 15-Minute Planning Period Wisely.

❶Grammar, spelling, structure, and originality might be insufficient to receive the highest score on your AP exam.

What is a Synthesis Essay?

Writing Thesis Statement and Outline Page
How to Write a Synthesis Essay?
How to Write a Synthesis Essay: Basic Knowledge

It offers a critical analysis of what has been covered including the various sources that have been covered. It is mostly written within the disciplines of social science and medicine. The objective of a review paper is to stimulate more research in the area of discussion. The main objective of this essay is to help a reader to understand a topic. It does this by categorizing the pertinent facts to a certain subject and later presenting them comprehensively to aid the reader to understand them.

Before one embarks on a synthesis essay, a thorough analysis is initially done on a given text. Once this is done, you build your own claim and write about it. This typically refers to thinking about a selected topic. Guided by a set of instructions, you are supposed to support your ideas in favor of the particular topic. This makes it easy to pull several related sources together. Good topics for a synthesis paper are mostly those that are debatable. An example of a prompt is as follows: By now you have a couple of sources that are related to your prompt.

However, only a few of them will help you with your claim. Thus, you have to sieve them out and gather only those that are closely aligned to your claim. This aids in crafting a great synthesis essay. After close reading, an evaluation of sources should be done. The main ideas gathered from the close reading should be used to justify the use of a certain source.

After writing the thesis statement, the next step is to outline the structure of your thesis. This can be done through a formal or mental outline. It is essential that it be done so that you can know how best to present your material. Start by splitting your essay into parts. Your outline should also be split into the same number of parts as your essay.

Gather evidence, arguments, and points into each section. As you do this, ensure that each of the points is closely aligned to your central claim. There is a universal structure that most outlines take. It is as follows:. It identifies the issue that you will be addressing. These paragraphs have a topic sentence which gives one reason to support your thesis. It then gives an explanation and your opinion on the topic sentence. It adds support from the various sources that you chose to back the claim.

Lastly, it gives the significance of the sources used. This paragraph draws a parallel between your topic and the explanations, and evidence given in your essay. It restates the main points and gives a thought for the readers to ponder over at the end of the paper. Always keep your thesis in mind when writing and ensure that you do not deviate from it.

This refers to using third person pronouns such as he, she and it. It also entails using the active voice as opposed to the passive voice. Use only the passive voice in situations where first and second pronouns could come up. This aids in the logical flow of the text. They also show areas of support between various sources for reference. This is the simplest way of developing a good synthesis essay. It works by summarizing the most relevant sources. However, the most important of them are saved for last.

This makes sure that your essay is grounded on relevant evidence. However, sometimes it may leave no room for your independent thoughts. It is best utilized when you have the perspective of the reader at hand. That way you will know what your reader needs to get at various points in your essay.

This technique uses an argument that you personally present against your thesis. However, you immediately show that it is weak. It is a good technique as it indicates that you are aware of other arguments that are contrary and you can defend your own argument. Typically, you start by presenting an introduction coupled with a thesis; followed by the main opposing argument. Afterwards, you refute the opposing argument and present your case.

It presents the opposing argument as valid although the positive one is much stronger. With this approach, you start by stating your thesis and then offering reasons as to why you think it is right with supporting evidence.

Typically, you present as many reasons as you can, but you save the strongest reasons for last. This technique entails giving vivid examples at one or multiple points in your essay derived from your source material. It is very similar to the argumentative essay you will also write as part of this exam, except that you are provided with a wealth of source material from which to draw some support for your ideas.

While this in some ways makes the AP English Language and Composition synthesis essay easier than the argument essay because you can use quotations, point to authoritative sources for support, etc. This brings us to our first tip…. The main purpose of this minute period is to give you time to read the source materials. This essay will present you with several sources providing different information about or opinions on a certain topic.

You should also begin outlining your essay and considering your opinion on the subject; have this opinion in mind before you start writing the essay, as you will use it to construct your thesis. Try to have a thesis statement written by the time you start the essay — your thesis should establish your opinion and the general reasons you feel this way; the rest of your essay will go on to justify and exemplify these reasons.

Also write down some of the main points upon which you will base subsequent paragraphs and mark quotes or sections of the sources you can use in each of these paragraphs. Every source you can use for the AP Language and Composition synthesis essay will have a small box above it explaining where it comes from and who said it — to see exactly what this looks like, check out the free synthesis essay sample questions at AP Central. There are also public sample questions available there for the rest of the AP English and Composition Exam.

What journal an article appeared in can say a great deal about its potential biases. For example, consider a question on the environmental impacts of corporate practices — an environmental journal is obviously going to be biased in favor of more environmental regulation, while a report from a company spokesperson will probably gloss over some of the negative impacts of his company.

There is no hard-and-fast advice about what tone you should take — some students try to inject a little humor into their essays while others prefer to be as serious as possible, some are extremely critical and others more accepting. However, the one thing you really have to do while writing the AP Language and Composition synthesis essay or any other essay is keep your tone consistent.

Choose Synthesis Essay Topic Before You Write the First Page

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The two synthesis essay questions below are examples of the question type that has been one of the three free-response questions on the AP English Language and .

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In many ways, the synthesis essay is similar to the persuasion essay. In the persuasion essay, you make a claim, then support it with data stored in.

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AP® English Language and Composition Synthesis Essay Sample Student Responses The College Board: Connecting Students to College Success The College Board is a not-for-profit membership association whose mission is to connect students to college success and. The article reviews the basics of how to write a synthesis essay as well as how to dissect and analyze text when writing an AP English essay. One thing I would like .

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Advanced Placement courses allow motivated students to earn college credit while still in high school. To acquire this sought-after credit, the students must successfully complete end-of-the-year AP exams. One of the most challenging parts of the AP exam for English is the composition of an AP. Synthesis Essay Introduction Students who wonder how to write an AP English synthesis essay should begin with the synthesis essay introduction. In AP English test, synthesis essay is a common phenomenon. To give your essay a chance to survive with the high score, it is important to make the audience want to read the paper from cover to cover.