Whistle blowers are to some extent regarded as saviors who help an important entity in the longer term. Many researchers have sought to unmask the reasons behind whistle blowing as well as the psychology of those who carry out the action. The circumstances that surround the action and the motivation are some of the most interesting aspects of whistle blowing that any scholar would want to address.
The mode of carrying out the action is of interest too. Many people report malpractice cases because they conflict their morale beliefs.
As a matter of fact, a system that offers confidentiality in the whistle blowing process encourages other people to carry out the action. However, there are other people who are just motivated by malice and revenge. It may be a case of backlash from disgruntled employees who may possess various reasons for bringing down the organization.
In most case therefore, the law requires the government official who receives the whistle blowing information to establish reasons of genuine whistle blowing Lawrence and Weber, This calls for strong evidence under which a case can be built against the accused. According to Marcia and Janet , many people tend to report malpractices in an organization to external authorities rather that the internal ones.
This is particularly common if the culprits belong to the top management of the organization involved. The top management in such cases could conspire to silence the whistle blower and devise a cover up plan by destroying all the evidence.
Watchdog agencies, the media, opposition politicians, legal authorities and lawyers are the most common avenues that people use in whistle blowing activities. This is because they guarantee confidentiality of the whistle blowing information. Ethics and ethical reasoning On a wider scope, ethics is a philosophical branch that addresses issues that deal with morality.
On a closer look, ethics is the concept that defines right or wrongdoing. Ethics define and point to the instances when actions are ethical or unethical. Business ethics explore the meaning and application of ethical principles and ethical problems that arise in a business setting. Ethics stress on the importance of following the right procedures when carrying out business transactions.
When ethics are not followed, they allow for clash between personal and company interests which may lead to the compromise of rules and the subsequent breakdown of the order that prevails in business practices. Hoffman, Frederick and Frederick argue that corruption and misuse of funds are common occurrences in the business world due to the breakdown of ethical procedure in organizations. Various actions are done in utter disregard of laid down rules or partially bending the existing rules.
If these uncouth practices are not checked, they may result into heavy loses financially as well as the loss of credibility of the organization. On the other hand, it is evident that other ethics are not related at all to whistle blowing. These are the programs that are geared towards giving back to the community. These ethics involve an organization being accountable for its actions that affect the community in which they carry out business. The advances in information technology have enabled people to access a lot of information on the behavior of various businesses and government personalities.
Normally, not all the people in an organization may be involved in malpractices; some may be coerced into doing so with treats and sanctions. The presence of reporting mechanisms offer a chance to such people to report to the concerned authorities about the on-goings in the organization. Every organization needs to adopt some form of ethics that will enable whistle blowing activity where and if necessary.
The government will also play a role in shaping such a policy. According to Ravishankar , the policy will enhance the cultivation of a precedent that will be followed by current and future employees. The ethics will ensure the presence of checks and balances that will discourage any intention by employees and management to compromises ethics. It is important to note here that ethics about whistle blowing do not necessarily have to be within an organization; they may be cultivated as part of a national culture where breakdown of norms and ethics is discouraged.
Organizations have to create a working environment where employees are encouraged to ask questions and seek answers to anything that they feel is not right. Internal democracy in those organizations will ensure free speech as long as it is not intended for malice. Companies must formulate policies that support whistle blowing and ensure that the top management endorses the same. A lot good will must accompany the policy such as being publicized to the employees. The policy will encourage openness amongst the employees.
All complaints regarding whistle blowing must be investigated to show seriousness and commitment to the cause that whistle blowing is imperative. Business and government relations Business and government relations take all angles that anyone can imagine. However, the relations can be summarized as being cordial and antagonistic at times. The government greatly shapes business practices in different settings.
There are other situations when the government extends facilities like credit, tax incentives and rescue packages to businesses such as the famous Troubled Asset Relief Program in the United States. At the same time, government is mandated by the people to restrain all rogue businesses that do not follow rules and other ethical practices.
This is the regulation role of the government in whistle blowing activities. Whistle blowing is adequately covered in these laws that every business has to follow succinctly. The government, through the laws enacted demands accountability from all business organizations. The laws Every organization has ethics that govern how it serves its clientele. The ethics govern the response of the organization to the respective response of various stimuli for every situation. The organizational ethics largely depend on organizational culture.
Lack of awareness of company standards of ethical conduct for computer usage may diminish the effectiveness of the standards. It may be that such codes do exist but that they are not advertised within the organization. Widespread computer usage is a comparatively new phenomenon in private and public organizations. In one large organization, an ethics program was developed that included both establishment of conduct standards and training.
The results were favorable. After several years